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Pakistan Demographics Profile 2014

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Population196,174,380 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.3% (male 33,595,949/female 31,797,766)
15-24 years: 21.5% (male 21,803,617/female 20,463,184)
25-54 years: 35.7% (male 36,390,119/female 33,632,395)
55-64 years: 5.1% (male 5,008,681/female 5,041,434)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 3,951,190/female 4,490,045) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 60.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 53.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 %
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.6 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 22.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.49% (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.19 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.58 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-1.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 36.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKarachi 13.876 million; Lahore 7.566 million; Faisalabad 3.038 million; Rawalpindi 2.164 million; Multan 1.775 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 919,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012-13 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 57.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 60.67 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 54.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.05 years
male: 65.16 years
female: 69.03 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.86 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate27% (2007/08)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS86,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,500 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.7% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 91.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.3% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 71.8% of population
rural: 33.6% of population
total: 47.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 28.2% of population
rural: 66.4% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groupsPunjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 54.9%
male: 68.6%
female: 40.3% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2012)
Education expenditures2.1% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate260 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight30.9% (2011)
Health expenditures2.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014