Flag of Pakistan

Pakistan Demographics Profile 2013

Home > Factbook > Countries > Pakistan

Population193,238,868 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 34% (male 33,774,720/female 31,967,787)
15-24 years: 21.6% (male 21,560,699/female 20,223,691)
25-54 years: 35.1% (male 35,272,193/female 32,587,417)
55-64 years: 5% (male 4,767,260/female 4,832,047)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 3,877,418/female 4,375,636) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 61.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 54.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 %
potential support ratio: 14.1 (2013)
Median agetotal: 22.2 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 22.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.52% (2013 est.)
Birth rate23.76 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate6.69 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-1.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 36.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKarachi 13.125 million; Lahore 7.132 million; Faisalabad 2.849 million; Rawalpindi 2.026 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 832,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.7 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 59.35 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 62.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 55.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.71 years
male: 64.84 years
female: 68.66 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.96 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate27% (2007/08)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS98,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,800 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 72% of population
rural: 34% of population
total: 48% of population
unimproved:
urban: 28% of population
rural: 66% of population
total: 52% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groupsPunjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 54.9%
male: 68.6%
female: 40.3% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Education expenditures2.4% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate260 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight30.9% (2011)
Health expenditures2.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.813 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013