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Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Five horizontal stripes: three blue and two white. A red equilateral triangle at the left of the flag, partly covering the stripes, with a white five pointed star in the centre of the triangle.A shield in front of a fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch and a laurel wreath
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"[1]
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Song [2]
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups (2012[3])
DemonymCuban
GovernmentUnitaryMarxist–Leninistone-party state[4]
 • PresidentRaúl Castro
 • Vice PresidentMiguel Díaz-Canel[5]
 • Prime MinisterRaúl Castro
 • Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence
 • War of IndependenceFebruary 24, 1895 
 • Recognized (Handed over from Spain to the United States)December 10, 1898 
 • Republic declared (Independence from United States)May 20, 1902 
 • Cuban RevolutionJuly 26, 1953 – January 1, 1959 
 • Current constitutionFebruary 24, 1976 
Area
 • Total109,884 km2 (104th)
42,426 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible[6]
Population
 • 2015 census11,239,004[7] (78th)
 • Density102.3/km2 (104th)
264.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 • TotalUS$ 234.624 billion[8] (58th)
 • Per capitaUS$ 20,649[9] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 • TotalUS$ 82.775 billion[10] (63th)
 • Per capitaUS$ 7,274[11] (86th)
Gini (2000)38.0[12]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.769[13]
high ·67th
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneCST(UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
a.From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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