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Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Motto: 
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"[1]
 •
"¡Trabajadores del mundo, únanse!"
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Song [2]
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups(2012[3])
DemonymCuban
GovernmentUnitaryMarxist–Leninistone-partysocialist republic[4]
Raúl Castro
Miguel Díaz-Canel[5]
Raúl Castro
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence
October 10, 1868
February 24, 1895
• Recognized (handed over from Spain to the United States)
December 10, 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
May 20, 1902
July 26, 1953 – January 1, 1959
• Current constitution
February 24, 1976
Area
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
negligible[6]
Population
• 2015 census
11,239,004[7] (78th)
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[8] (55th)
• Per capita
US$ 20,646 (2013)[9] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 87.205 billion[10] (65th)
• Per capita
US$ 7,657[11] (80th)
Gini (2000)38.0[12]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.775[13]
high · 68th
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneCST(UTC−5)
• Summer (DST)
CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
  1. From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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