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Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Five horizontal stripes: three blue and two white. A red equilateral triangle at the left of the flag, partly covering the stripes, with a white five pointed star in the centre of the triangle.A shield in front of a fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch and a laurel wreath
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"[1]
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Song [2]
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups (2012[3])
DemonymCuban
GovernmentMarxist-Leninistsingle-party state
 - PresidentRaúl Castro
 - First Vice PresidentMiguel Díaz-Canel[4]
 - Prime MinisterRaúl Castro
 - Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence
 - War of IndependenceFebruary 24, 1895 
 - Recognized (Handed over from Spain to the United States)December 10, 1898 
 - Republic declared (Independence from United States)May 20, 1902 
 - Cuban RevolutionJuly 26, 1953 - January 1, 1959 
 - Current constitutionFebruary 24, 1976 
Area
 - Total109,884 km2 (106th)
42,426 sq mi
 - Water (%)negligible[5]
Population
 - 2013 census11,210,064[6]
 - Density102/km2 (106th)
264.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
 - Total$212 billion[7] (58th)
 - Per capita$18,796[8] (60th)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$78.694 billion[9] (64th)
 - Per capita$6,985[10] (86th)
Gini (2000)38.0[11]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.815[12]
very high ·44th
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneCST(UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
a.From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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