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Cuba Geography Profile 2014

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LocationCaribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida
Geographic coordinates21 30 N, 80 00 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 110,860 sq km
land: 109,820 sq km
water: 1,040 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Land boundariestotal: 29 km
border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba
Coastline3,735 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
Terrainmostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast
Elevation extremeslowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m
Natural resourcescobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land
Land usearable land: 32.31%
permanent crops: 3.55%
other: 64.15% (2011)
Irrigated land8,703 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources38.12 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 4.42 cu km/yr (22%/14%/65%)
per capita: 392.6 cu m/yr (2010)
Natural hazardsthe east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common
Environment - current issuesair and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - notelargest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014