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Cuba Demographics Profile 2014

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Population11,047,251 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.3% (male 923,602/female 873,156)
15-24 years: 13.6% (male 770,515/female 732,056)
25-54 years: 47.1% (male 2,618,089/female 2,581,895)
55-64 years: 10.4% (male 551,637/female 602,658)
65 years and over: 12.6% (male 625,330/female 768,313) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 19.3 %
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.9 years
male: 39.1 years
female: 40.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.14% (2014 est.)
Birth rate9.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.08% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.22 years
male: 75.92 years
female: 80.65 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74.3% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.3% of population
rural: 87.3% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.7% of population
rural: 12.7% of population
total: 6% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 88.2% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 11.8% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groupswhite 64.1%, mestizo 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power
LanguagesSpanish (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)
People - noteillicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2012)
Education expenditures12.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate73 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2000)
Health expenditures10% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density6.72 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014