Flag of Cuba

Cuba Demographics Profile 2013

Home > Factbook > Countries > Cuba

Population11,061,886 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.6% (male 944,254/female 892,766)
15-24 years: 13.9% (male 787,368/female 748,315)
25-54 years: 46.9% (male 2,611,371/female 2,578,471)
55-64 years: 10.3% (male 544,465/female 595,856)
65 years and over: 12.3% (male 611,086/female 747,934) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 23 %
elderly dependency ratio: 18.9 %
potential support ratio: 5.3 (2013)
Median agetotal: 39.5 years
male: 38.6 years
female: 40.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.13% (2013 est.)
Birth rate9.92 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.58 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-3.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 75% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.76 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.05 years
male: 75.77 years
female: 80.46 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.46 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74.3% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS7,100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 6% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 81% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 19% of population
total: 9% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groupswhite 65.1%, mulatto and mestizo 24.8%, black 10.1% (2002 census)
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power
LanguagesSpanish (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)
People - noteillicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2011)
Education expenditures12.9% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate73 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2000)
Health expenditures10% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density6.72 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013