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Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Deutschlandlied[1]
(English: "Song of Germany")[a]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Berlin
52°31′N13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official languagesGerman[1][b]
DemonymGerman
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional republic
 - PresidentJoachim Gauck
 - ChancellorAngela Merkel
Legislature
 - Upper houseBundesrat
 - Lower houseBundestag
Formation
 - Holy Roman Empire2 February 962 
 - German Confederation8 June 1815 
 - German Empire18 January 1871 
 - Federal Republic23 May 1949 
 - EECFoundation[c]1 January 1958 
 - Reunification3 October 1990 
Area
 - Total357,168 km2 (63rd)
137,847 sq mi
Population
 - 2014 estimate80,716,000[2] (16th)
 - Density226/km2 (58th)
583/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$3.815 trillion[3] (5th)
 - Per capita$46,896[3] (20th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$3.413 trillion[3] (4th)
 - Per capita$41,955[3] (20th)
Gini (2011)29.0[4]
low
HDI (2013)Steady 0.911[5]
very high ·6th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code49
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de and .eu

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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