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Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland  (German)[a]
Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
"Unity and Justice and Freedom" (de facto)
Anthem: Deutschlandlied
(English: "Song of Germany")
(third verse only)[b]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Berlin[a]
52°31′N13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official language
and national language
German[1][c]
Ethnic groups(2015[2])
  • 79.0% Germans
  • 11.0% Other Europeans
  • 7.0% Asians
  • 2.3% Middle Eastern
  • 3.5% Turks
  • 0.8% Africans
  • 0.5% Americans
  • 1.7% unspecified
Religion
DemonymGerman
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Angela Merkel
Norbert Lammert
Malu Dreyer
Andreas Voßkuhle
Legislature
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Area
• Total
357,168 km2 (137,903 sq mi) (63rd)
Population
• 2015 estimate
82,175,700[4] (16th)
• Density
227/km2 (587.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$3.980 trillion[5] (5th)
• Per capita
$48,111[5] (18th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$3.467 trillion[5] (4th)
• Per capita
$41,902[5] (17th)
Gini (2014)Negative increase 30.7[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.926[7]
very high · 4th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code49
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de and .eu
  1. ^Berlin is the sole constitutional capital and de jure seat of government, but the former provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, has the special title of "federal city" (Bundesstadt) and is the primary seat of six ministries; all government ministries have offices in both cities.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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