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Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland[a]
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Deutschlandlied
(English: "Song of Germany")
(third verse only)[b]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Berlin[a]
52°31′N13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official languagesGerman[1][c]
DemonymGerman
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
 • PresidentJoachim Gauck
 • ChancellorAngela Merkel
 • President of the BundestagNorbert Lammert
 • President of the BundesratStanislaw Tillich
 • President of the Federal Constitutional CourtAndreas Voßkuhle
Legislature
 • Upper houseBundesrat
 • Lower houseBundestag
Formation
 • Holy Roman Empire2 February 962 
 • German Confederation8 June 1815 
 • German Empire18 January 1871 
 • Weimar Republic11 August 1919 
 • Federal Republic23 May 1949 
 • EECFoundation[d]1 January 1958 
 • Reunification3 October 1990 
Area
 • Total357,168 km2 (63rd)
137,847 sq mi
Population
 • 2015 estimate82,175,700[2] (16th)
 • Density227/km2 (58th)
583/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$3.842 trillion[3] (5th)
 • Per capita$47,033[3] (20th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$3.371 trillion[3] (4th)
 • Per capita$41,267[3] (20th)
Gini (2014)Negative increase 30.7[4]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.916[5]
very high ·6th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code49
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de and .eu
a.^Berlin is the sole constitutional capital and de jure seat of government, but the former provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, has the special title of "federal city" (Bundesstadt) and is the primary seat of six ministries; all government ministries have offices in both cities.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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