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Flag
Motto: "!ke e: ǀxarra ǁke" (ǀXam)
"Unity in Diversity"
Anthem: National anthem of South Africa
Location of  South Africa  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  South Africa  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
Largest cityJohannesburg[2]
Official languages[Note 1]
Ethnic groups (2014[3])
DemonymSouth African
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
 • PresidentJacob Zuma
 • Deputy PresidentCyril Ramaphosa
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseNational Council
 • Lower houseNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Union31 May 1910 
 • Self-governance11 December 1931 
 • Republic31 May 1961 
 • Current constitution4 February 1997 
Area
 • Total1,221,037 km2 (25th)
471,443 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible
Population
 • 2015 estimate54,956,900[4] (25th)
 • 2011 census51,770,560[5]:18
 • Density42.4/km2 (169th)
109.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$742.461 billion[6] (30th)
 • Per capita$13,321[6] (90th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$326.541 billion[6] (35th)
 • Per capita$5,859[6] (88th)
Gini (2009)63.1[7]
very high
HDI (2014)Increase 0.666[8]
medium ·116th
CurrencySouth African rand (ZAR)
Time zoneSAST(UTC+2)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+27
ISO 3166 codeZA
Internet TLD.za

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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