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South Africa Demographics Profile 2016

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Population54,300,704
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.34% (male 7,718,511/female 7,667,830)
15-24 years: 18.07% (male 4,865,807/female 4,943,707)
25-54 years: 41.44% (male 11,372,944/female 11,130,874)
55-64 years: 6.59% (male 1,662,874/female 1,915,908)
65 years and over: 5.57% (male 1,269,551/female 1,752,698) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.1%
youth dependency ratio: 44.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7%
potential support ratio: 13.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.8 years
male: 26.5 years
female: 27 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.99% (2016 est.)
Birth rate20.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 64.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationJohannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni) 9.399 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.66 million; Durban 2.901 million; PRETORIA (capital) 2.059 million; Port Elizabeth 1.179 million; Vereeniging 1.155 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.72 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 32 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 35.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.1 years
male: 61.6 years
female: 64.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.31 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate19.2% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,984,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths182,400 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 81.4% of population
total: 93.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 18.6% of population
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 69.6% of population
rural: 60.5% of population
total: 66.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 30.4% of population
rural: 39.5% of population
total: 33.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: South African(s)
adjective: South African
Ethnic groupsblack African 80.2%, white 8.4%, colored 8.8%, Indian/Asian 2.5%
note: colored is a term used in South Africa, including on the national census, for persons of mixed race ancestry (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
LanguagesIsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.3%
male: 95.5%
female: 93.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2013)
Education expenditures6.1% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate138 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.7% (2008)
Health expenditures8.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.78 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.6% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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