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South Africa Demographics Profile 2014

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Population48,375,645
note: Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimates the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.3% (male 6,859,518/female 6,815,185)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 4,914,394/female 4,866,121)
25-54 years: 38.2% (male 9,543,746/female 8,923,605)
55-64 years: 7.1% (male 1,470,282/female 1,950,499)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 1,205,657/female 1,826,638) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 45.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.7 %
potential support ratio: 11.5 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.7 years
male: 25.4 years
female: 26 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.48% (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.94 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate17.49 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 62% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.21% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationJohannesburg 3.844 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.562 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.357 million; Durban 3.012 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.501 million; Vereeniging 1.2 million; Bloemfontein (judicial capital) 468,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2003-04 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 41.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.25 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 49.56 years
male: 50.52 years
female: 48.58 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.23 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate59.9% (2003/04)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate17.9% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,070,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths235,100 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.2% of population
rural: 88.3% of population
total: 95.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.8% of population
rural: 11.7% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 81.7% of population
rural: 62.4% of population
total: 74.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.3% of population
rural: 37.6% of population
total: 25.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: South African(s)
adjective: South African
Ethnic groupsblack African 79.2%, white 8.9%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5%, other 0.5% (2011 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
LanguagesIsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
male: 93.9%
female: 92.2% (2011 est.)
Education expenditures6% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.7% (2008)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.76 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.8 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate31.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014