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South Africa Demographics Profile 2013

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Population48,601,098 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 28.3% (male 6,909,066/female 6,866,163)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 5,041,412/female 4,960,190)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 9,561,452/female 8,948,398)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 1,450,420/female 1,916,960)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,177,999/female 1,769,038) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 45.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5 %
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2013)
Median agetotal: 25.5 years
male: 25.2 years
female: 25.8 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.45% (2013 est.)
Birth rate19.14 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate17.36 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-6.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 62% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.21% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationJohannesburg 3.607 million; Cape Town 3.353 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.144 million; Durban 2.837 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.404 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.5 (2003 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 42.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 49.48 years
male: 50.43 years
female: 48.51 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate59.9% (2003/04)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate17.8% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS5.6 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths310,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 9% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 86% of population
rural: 67% of population
total: 79% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14% of population
rural: 33% of population
total: 21% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: South African(s)
adjective: South African
Ethnic groupsblack African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
ReligionsProtestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
LanguagesIsiZulu (official) 23.82%, IsiXhosa (official) 17.64%, Afrikaans (official) 13.35%, Sepedi (offcial) 9.39%, English (official) 8.2%, Setswana (official) 8.2%, Sesotho (official) 7.93%, Xitsonga (official) 4.44%, siSwati (official) 2.66%, Tshivenda (official) 2.28%, isiNdebele (official) 1.59%, other 0.5% (2001 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
male: 93.9%
female: 92.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2004)
Education expenditures6% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.6% (2005)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.758 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.8 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate31.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013