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French Republic
République française  (French)
FlagNational emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Territory of the French Republic[I]
Territory of the French Republic[I]
Location of  metropolitan France, the European part of France  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  metropolitan France, the European part of France  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51.4′N2°21.05′E / 48.8567°N 2.35083°E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Official language
and national language
French[II]
DemonymFrench
GovernmentUnitarysemi‑presidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentFrançois Hollande
 • Prime MinisterManuel Valls
 • President of the SenateGérard Larcher
 • President of the National AssemblyClaude Bartolone
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseNational Assembly
Establishment
 • Francia unified486 
 • Treaty of Verdun[III]August 843 
 • Republic established22 September 1792 
 • Founded the EEC[IV]1 January 1958 
 • Current constitution[V]4 October 1958 
Area
 • Total643,801 km2[VI][1] (41st)
248,600 sq mi
 • Metropolitan France (IGN)551,695 km2[VII] (50th)
213,010 sq mi
 • Metropolitan France (Cadastre)543,940.9 km2[VIII][2] (50th)
210,026 sq mi
Population
 • Total 2016​ estimate66,736,000[VI][3] (20th)
 • Metropolitan France June 2016 estimate64,590,000[4] (22nd)
 • Density116/km2[IX] (89th)
301/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$2.647 trillion (10th)
 • Per capita$41,181[5] (24th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$2.422 trillion (6th)
 • Per capita$37,675[5] (20th)
Gini (2013)30.1[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.888[7]
very high ·22nd
Currency
Time zoneCET[XII](UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST[XIII] (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+33[XIV]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[XV]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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