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Lithuania

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Republic of Lithuania
Lietuvos Respublika  (Lithuanian)
Flag of LithuaniaCoat of Arms of Lithuania
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Tautiška giesmė
National Hymn
Locator map of Lithuania
Location of  Lithuania  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Vilnius
54°41′N25°19′E / 54.683°N 25.317°E / 54.683; 25.317
Official languagesLithuanian
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymLithuanian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic[2][3]
 - PresidentDalia Grybauskaitė
 - Seimas SpeakerLoreta Graužinienė
 - Prime MinisterAlgirdas Butkevičius
LegislatureSeimas
Independencefrom Russia / Germany(1918)
 - First mention of Lithuania9 March 1009 
 - Coronation of Mindaugas6 July 1253 
 - Union with Poland2 February 1386 
 - Polish–Lithuanian
Commonwealth
created
1 July 1569 
 - Partitions of the Commonwealth24 October 1795 
 - Independence declared16 February 1918 
 - 1st Soviet occupation15 June 1940 
 - Nazi German occupation22 June 1941 
 - 2nd Soviet occupationJuly 1944 
 - Independence restored11 March 1990 
 - Joined the European Union1 May 2004 
Area
 - Total65,300 km2 (123rd)
25,212 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.35
Population
 - 2015 estimate2,907,569[4] (139th)
 - 2011 census3,043,429[5]
 - Density45/km2 (120th)
116/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$82.622 billion[6]
 - Per capita$28,210[6]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$42.642 billion[6]
 - Per capita$14,560[6]
Gini (2013)negative increase 34.6[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Steady 0.834[8]
very high ·35th
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+370
ISO 3166 codeLT
Internet TLD.lta
a.Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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