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Republic of Bulgaria
Република България
Republika Balgariya
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Мила Родино  (Bulgarian)
Mila Rodino  (transliteration)
Dear Motherland
Location of  Bulgaria  (green)– in Europe  (light-green & grey)– in the European Union  (light-green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Bulgaria  (green)

– in Europe  (light-green & grey)
– in the European Union  (light-green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Sofia
42°41′N23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317
Official languagesBulgarian
Official scriptCyrillic
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymBulgarian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
 - PresidentRosen Plevneliev
 - Prime MinisterPlamen Oresharski
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 - Medieval states: 
 - First Bulgarian Empire681 
 - Second Bulgarian Empire1185 
 - Modern state: 
 - Principality of Bulgaria13 July 1878 
 - Independence from the Ottoman Empire5 October 1908[note 1] 
Area
 - Total110,994 km2 (105th)
42,823 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.3
Population
 - 2011 census7,364,570[2] (98th)
 - Density66.2/km2 (139th)
171/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$103.816 billion[3] (66th)
 - Per capita$15,933[3] (69th)
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 - Total$51.030 billion[3] (75th)
 - Per capita$7,033[3] (76th)
Gini (2011)35.1[4]
medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.782[5]
high ·57th
CurrencyLev (BGN)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+359
ISO 3166 codeBG
Internet TLD.bg

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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