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Republic of Bulgaria
Република България
Republika Bǎlgariya
  (Bulgarian)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Мила Родино  (Bulgarian)
Mila Rodino  (transliteration)
Dear Motherland
Location of  Bulgaria  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Bulgaria  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Sofia
42°41′N23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317
Official languagesBulgarian
Official scriptCyrillic
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymBulgarian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
 • PresidentRosen Plevneliev
 • Prime MinisterBoyko Borisov
 • Speaker of the National AssemblyTsetska Tsacheva
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 • Medieval states: 
 • First Bulgarian Empire680–1018 
 • Second Bulgarian Empire1185–1422 
 • Modern state: 
 • Principality of Bulgaria3 March 1878[note 1] 
 • Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire5 October 1908[note 2] 
 • Current constitution13 July 1991 
Area
 • Total110,994 km2 (105th)
42,823 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.3
Population
 • 2014 census7,202,198[2] (101st)
 • Density64.9/km2 (95th)
168/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$141.375 billion[3] (66th)
 • Per capita$19,839 (67th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$48.957 billion[3] (75th)
 • Per capita$6,927 (76th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 37[4]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.782[5]
high ·59th
CurrencyLev (BGN)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+359
ISO 3166 codeBG
Internet TLD.bg

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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