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Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige[a]
FlagGreater coat of arms
Motto: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden"[a]
"For Sweden – With the Times"[1]
Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria[b]
Thou ancient, thou free

Royal anthemKungssången
Song of the King
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Stockholm
59°21′N18°4′E / 59.350°N 18.067°E / 59.350; 18.067
Official languagesSwedish[c]
Ethnic groupsno official statistics[d]
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 • KingCarl XVI Gustaf
 • SpeakerUrban Ahlin
 • Prime MinisterStefan Löfven
 • Marshal of the RealmSvante Lindqvist
LegislatureRiksdag
History
 • A unified Swedish kingdom establishedBy the early 12th century 
 • Part of Kalmar Union1397–1523 
 • Part of Swedish-Norwegian Union4 November 1814 – August 1905[2] 
 • Joined the European Union1 January 1995 
Area
 • Total450,295 km2 (55th)
175,896 sq mi
 • Water (%)8.7
Population
 • July 2016 estimate9,920,881[3] (89th)
 • 2013 census9,658,301
 • Density21.5/km2 (194th)
55.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$467.450 billion[4] (34th)
 • Per capita$47,319[4] (14th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$483.724 billion[4] (21st)
 • Per capita$48,966[4] (7th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 25.4[5]
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.907[6]
very high ·14th
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theright[e]
Calling code46
ISO 3166 codeSE
Internet TLD.se[f]
a.^ "För Sverige – I tiden" has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto.
b.^Du gamla, Du fria has never been officially adopted as national anthem, but is so by convention.
c.^ Since 1 July 2009.[7][8] Five other languages are officially recognised as minority languages:[9]Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status.
d.^ On 31 December 2012, approximately 27% of the population had a full or partial foreign background.[10][11]
e.^ Since 3 September 1967.
f.^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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