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Sultanate of Oman
سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
FlagNational emblem
Anthem: نشيد السلام السلطاني
"as-Salām as-Sultānī"
"Sultanic Salutation"
Location of Oman in the Arabian Peninsula (Dark green)
Location of Oman in the Arabian Peninsula (Dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Muscat
23°36′N58°33′E / 23.600°N 58.550°E / 23.600; 58.550
Official languagesArabic
ReligionIslam
DemonymOmani
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryabsolute monarchy
 • SultanQaboos bin Said al Said
 • Deputy Prime MinisterFahd bin Mahmoud al Said[1]
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseCouncil of State (Majlis al-Dawla)
 • Lower houseConsultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura)
Establishment
 • The Azd tribe migration130 
 • Al-Julanda629 
 • Imamate established[2]751 
 • Nabhani dynasty1145 
 • Yaruba dynasty1624 
 • House of Al Said1744 
Area
 • Total309,500 km2 (70th)
119,498 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible
Population
 • 2016 estimate4,441,448 [3] (135th)
 • 2010 census2,773,479[4]
 • Density13/km2 (216th)
34/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$176.211 billion[5]
 • Per capita$44,530[5]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$51.679 billion[5]
 • Per capita$20,059[5]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.793[6]
high ·52nd
CurrencyRial (OMR)
Time zoneGST(UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+968
ISO 3166 codeOM
Internet TLD.om, عمان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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