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Sultanate of Oman
سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
FlagNational emblem
Anthem: Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani
"Peace to the Sultan"
Location of  Oman  (red)in the Arabian Peninsula  (light yellow)
Location of  Oman  (red)

in the Arabian Peninsula  (light yellow)

Capital
and largest city
Muscat
23°36′N58°33′E / 23.600°N 58.550°E / 23.600; 58.550
Official languagesArabic
ReligionIslam
DemonymOmani
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
 - SultanQaboos bin Said al Said
 - Deputy Prime MinisterFahd bin Mahmoud al Said[1]
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseCouncil of State (Majlis al-Dawla)
 - Lower houseConsultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura)
Establishment
 - The Azd tribe migrationLate 2nd century 
 - Imamate established[2]751 
Area
 - Total309,501 km2 (70th)
119,498 sq mi
 - Water (%)negligible
Population
 - 2014 estimate3,219,775[3] (129th)
 - 2010 census2,773,479[4]
 - Density13/km2 (216th)
34/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$163.627 billion[5]
 - Per capita$44,062[5]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$80.539 billion[5]
 - Per capita$21,687[5]
HDI (2013)Steady 0.783[6]
high ·56th
CurrencyRial (OMR)
Time zoneGST(UTC+4)
 - Summer (DST) (UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+968
ISO 3166 codeOM
Internet TLD.om, عمان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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