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Oman Demographics Profile 2016

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Population3,355,262 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Age structure0-14 years: 30.14% (male 518,600/female 492,782)
15-24 years: 19.11% (male 336,310/female 304,871)
25-54 years: 43.41% (male 843,531/female 613,004)
55-64 years: 3.91% (male 69,904/female 61,248)
65 years and over: 3.43% (male 56,816/female 58,196) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 30%
youth dependency ratio: 26.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 3.4%
potential support ratio: 29.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.4 years
male: 26.5 years
female: 24 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate24.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 77.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 8.54% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMUSCAT (capital) 838,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.38 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.5 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 77.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.84 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate24.4% (2007/08)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.16% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,400 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsless than 100 (2014 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 6.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 94.7% of population
total: 96.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 5.3% of population
total: 3.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani
Ethnic groupsArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
ReligionsMuslim (official; majority are Ibadhi, lesser numbers of Sunni and Shia) 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2010 est.)
note: approximately 75% of Omani citizens, who compose almost 70% of the country's total population, are Ibadhi Muslims; the Omani government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation (2013)
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.1%
male: 93.6%
female: 85.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.7% (2014)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.43 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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