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Oman Demographics Profile 2013

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Population3,154,134 (July 2013 est.)
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals
Age structure0-14 years: 30.6% (male 494,444/female 469,752)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 333,583/female 302,618)
25-54 years: 42.1% (male 781,396/female 547,872)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 65,722/female 56,673)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 51,515/female 50,559) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 35.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 31.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 3.8 %
potential support ratio: 26.2 (2013)
Median agetotal: 24.7 years
male: 25.9 years
female: 23.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.06% (2013 est.)
Birth rate24.43 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMUSCAT (capital) 634,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.45 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.22 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.76 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.72 years
male: 72.84 years
female: 76.7 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.86 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate31.7% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 78% of population
total: 89% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 22% of population
total: 11% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 1% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani
Ethnic groupsArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
ReligionsIbadhi Muslim (official) 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu) 25%
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.9%
male: 90.2%
female: 81.8% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate32 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.6% (2009)
Health expenditures2.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.048 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.9% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013