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Oman Demographics Profile 2014

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Population3,219,775
note: immigrants make up just over 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 30.4% (male 501,352/female 476,333)
15-24 years: 19.9% (male 335,404/female 304,261)
25-54 years: 42.6% (male 801,539/female 569,187)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 67,085/female 58,254)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 53,320/female 53,040) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 34.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 30.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 3.9 %
potential support ratio: 25.4 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.9 years
male: 26.1 years
female: 23.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.06% (2014 est.)
Birth rate24.47 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.38 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMUSCAT (capital) 743,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.41 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.2 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.22 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.97 years
male: 73.07 years
female: 76.97 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.86 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate31.7% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 94.7% of population
total: 96.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 5.3% of population
total: 3.4% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani
Ethnic groupsArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
ReligionsMuslim (official; majority are Ibadhi, lesser numbers of Sunni and Shia)) 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <.1, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2%
note: approximately 75% of Omani citizens, who compose almost 70% of the country's total population, are Ibadhi Muslims; the Omani government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation (2013) (2010 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.9%
male: 90.2%
female: 81.8% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate32 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.6% (2009)
Health expenditures2.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.05 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.9% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014