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Japan
日本国
Nippon-koku
Nihon-koku
Centered red circle on a white rectangleGolden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines
FlagImperial Seal
Anthem: 

"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"
Government Seal of Japan
  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • Go-Shichi no Kiri(五七桐)
Capital
and largest city
Tokyo
35°41′N139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official languagesNone[1]
Recognised regional languages
National languagesJapanese
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
DemonymJapanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • EmperorAkihito
 • Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
 • Deputy Prime MinisterTarō Asō
LegislatureNational Diet
 • Upper houseHouse of Councillors
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Formation
 • National Foundation Day11 February 660 BCE[3] 
 • Meiji ConstitutionNovember 29, 1890 
 • Current constitutionMay 3, 1947 
 • San Francisco
Peace Treaty
April 28, 1952 
Area
 • Total377,972.28 km2[4] (62nd)
145,935.91 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.8
Population
 • 2015 census127,110,047[5] (11th)
 • Density340.8/km2 (36th)
882.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$4.901 trillion[6] (4th)
 • Per capita$38,731[6] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$4.412 trillion[6] (3rd)
 • Per capita$34,871[6] (25th)
Gini (2008)37.6[7]
medium ·76th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.891[8]
very high ·20th
CurrencyYen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zoneJST(UTC+9)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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