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Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°17′N61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Largest cityChaguanas[1]
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular
language
Trinidadian Creole and Tobagonian Creole
Ethnic groups(2011 [2])
Religion
[3][4][5]
DemonymTrinidadian (Trini)
Tobagonian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Anthony Carmona
Keith Rowley
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Bridgid Annisette George
Christine Kangaloo
Ivor Archie
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Unification of Trinidad and Tobago
1889
31 August 1962
• Republic
1 August 1976
Area
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2015 estimate
1,349,667[6]
• 2011 census
1,328,019[7]
• Density
254.4/km2 (658.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$44.654 billion[8] (110th)
• Per capita
$32,520[8] (36th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$21.748 billion[8]
• Per capita
$15,838[8]
Gini (2012)39.0[9]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.772[10]
high · 64th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneAtlantic Standard Time(UTC-4)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC-4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1(868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt
  1. Holiday celebrated on 24 September.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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