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Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Together we aspire, Together we achieve"
Anthem: "Forged from the Love of Liberty"
CapitalPort of Spain
10°17′N61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Largest citySan Fernando[1]
Official languagesEnglish
National languageNone at federal level
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Religion
DemonymTrinidadian
Trini (colloquial)
Trinbagonian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
 • PresidentAnthony Carmona
 • Prime MinisterKeith Rowley
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence
 • from the United Kingdom31 August 1962 
 • Republic1 August 1976 
Area
 • Total5,131 km2 (171st)
1,981 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible
Population
 • 2015 estimate1,349,667[3]
 • 2011 census1,328,019[4]
 • Density254.4/km2
659.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$44.250 billion[5] (73)
 • Per capita$32,432[5] (36th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$23.816 billion[5]
 • Per capita$17,455[5]
Gini (2012)39.0[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.772[7]
high ·64th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneAtlantic Standard Time(UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC-4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-868
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt
a.Holiday celebrated on 24 September.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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