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Mauritania

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Islamic Republic of Mauritania
الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République islamique de Mauritanie (French)
Motto: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic)
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: نشيد وطني موريتاني
"National anthem of Mauritania"
Location of Mauritania (green) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (green) in Africa
Capital
and largest city
Nouakchott
18°09′N15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languagesArabica
Recognised national languages
Other languagesFrench[1]
Zenaga Berber
ReligionIslam
DemonymMauritanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublicb
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Yahya Ould Hademine
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
28 November 1960
12 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[2] (28th)
• Water (%)
0.03
Population
• 2015 estimate
4,067,564[3]
• 2013 census
3,537,368[2]
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$16.710 billion[4] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,404[4] (140th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$4.718 billion[4] (154th)
• Per capita
$1,243[4] (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5[5]
medium
HDI (2015)Steady 0.513[6]
low · 157th
CurrencyOuguiya (MRO)
Time zoneGMT(UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code+222
ISO 3166 codeMR
Internet TLD.mr
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."
  2. Not recognized internationally (see main article).

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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