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Mauritania Demographics Profile 2014

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Population3,516,806 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 39.5% (male 697,156/female 691,548)
15-24 years: 20% (male 343,214/female 358,533)
25-54 years: 32.5% (male 528,133/female 613,324)
55-64 years: 4.5% (male 71,265/female 87,086)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 53,705/female 72,842) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 70.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 %
potential support ratio: 17.9 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.9 years
male: 19 years
female: 20.9 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.26% (2014 est.)
Birth rate31.83 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.35 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 41.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNOUAKCHOTT (capital) 786,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2000-01 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 56.06 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.28 years
male: 60 years
female: 64.63 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate4.07 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9.3% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS10,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths800 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 52.3% of population
rural: 47.7% of population
total: 49.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 47.7% of population
rural: 52.3% of population
total: 50.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 51.1% of population
rural: 9.2% of population
total: 26.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48.9% of population
rural: 90.8% of population
total: 73.3% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Mauritanian(s)
adjective: Mauritanian
Ethnic groupsblack Moors (Haratines - Arab-speaking slaves, former slaves, and their descendants of African origin, enslaved by white Moors) 40%, white Moors (of Arab-Berber descent, known as Bidhan) 30%, black Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof, and Bamara ethnic groups) 30%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 100%
LanguagesArabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya (a variety of Arabic)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.6%
male: 65.3%
female: 52% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 127,251
percentage: 16 % (2007 est.)
Education expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate510 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight19.5% (2012)
Health expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.13 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate12.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014