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Mauritania Demographics Profile 2013

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Population3,437,610 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 39.8% (male 686,596/female 681,224)
15-24 years: 20% (male 335,998/female 351,367)
25-54 years: 32.2% (male 512,045/female 595,195)
55-64 years: 4.5% (male 68,960/female 84,303)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 51,736/female 70,186) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 70.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 %
potential support ratio: 17.9 (2013)
Median agetotal: 19.8 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 20.7 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.29% (2013 est.)
Birth rate32.31 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.5 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 41.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNOUAKCHOTT (capital) 709,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.9 (2001 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 57.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 62.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 52.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 61.91 years
male: 59.65 years
female: 64.23 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate4.15 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9.3% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS14,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 52% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 50% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 50% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 51% of population
rural: 9% of population
total: 26% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49% of population
rural: 91% of population
total: 74% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Mauritanian(s)
adjective: Mauritanian
Ethnic groupsmixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 100%
LanguagesArabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.6%
male: 65.3%
female: 52% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 127,251
percentage: 16 % (2007 est.)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate510 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.9% (2008)
Health expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.13 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate12.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013