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Mauritania Demographics Profile 2016

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Population3,677,293 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.87% (male 717,790/female 711,694)
15-24 years: 19.86% (male 357,460/female 372,744)
25-54 years: 32.96% (male 561,341/female 650,580)
55-64 years: 4.61% (male 76,372/female 93,065)
65 years and over: 3.71% (male 57,814/female 78,433) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.1%
youth dependency ratio: 70.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7%
potential support ratio: 17.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.3 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 21.2 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.2% (2016 est.)
Birth rate30.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 59.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.54% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNOUAKCHOTT (capital) 968,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.74 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 53.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63 years
male: 60.7 years
female: 65.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.93 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9.3% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.57% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS13,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 58.4% of population
rural: 57.1% of population
total: 57.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 41.6% of population
rural: 42.9% of population
total: 42.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 57.5% of population
rural: 13.8% of population
total: 40% of population
unimproved:
urban: 42.5% of population
rural: 86.2% of population
total: 60% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Mauritanian(s)
adjective: Mauritanian
Ethnic groupsblack Moors (Haratines - Arab-speaking slaves, former slaves, and their descendants of African origin, enslaved by white Moors) 40%, white Moors (of Arab-Berber descent, known as Bidhan) 30%, black Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof, and Bamara ethnic groups) 30%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 100%
LanguagesArabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French
note: the spoken Arabic in Mauritania differs considerably from the modern standard Arabic used for official written purposes or in the media; the Mauritanian dialect, which incorporates many Berber words, is referred to as Hassaniya
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 52.1%
male: 62.6%
female: 41.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 127,251
percentage: 16% (2007 est.)
Education expenditures3.3% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate602 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight19.5% (2012)
Health expenditures3.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.13 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.6% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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