IndexMundi Home
Flag of Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ
ሪፐብሊክ
?
ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī
Rīpeblīk
FlagEmblem
Anthem: 
Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya
March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia
Capital
and largest city
Addis Ababa
9°1.8′N38°44.4′E / 9.0300°N 38.7400°E / 9.0300; 38.7400
Official languagesAmharic[1]
Recognised regional languages
Other languages official among Ethiopia's various ethnicities and their respective regions
Ethnic groups (2012[2])
DemonymEthiopian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary republic
 - PresidentMulatu Teshome
 - Prime MinisterHailemariam Desalegn
LegislatureFederal Parliamentary Assembly
 - Upper houseHouse of Federation
 - Lower houseHouse of Peoples' Representatives
Formation
 - Dʿmtc. 980 BC 
 - Kingdom of Aksumc. 100 AD 
 - Empire of Ethiopia1137 
 - Sovereignty restored1944 
 - Current constitutionAugust 1995 
Area
 - Total1,104,300 km2 (27th)
426,371 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.7
Population
 - 2012 estimate91,195,675 [2] (14th)
 - 2007 census73,750,932 [3]
 - Density82.58/km2 (123rd)
213.89/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$105 billion [4]
 - Per capita$1,200 [5]
GDP (nominal)2012[6] estimate
 - Total$41.9 billion[6]
 - Per capita$513[6]
Gini (2011)33.6[7]
medium
HDI (2011)Increase 0.396[8]
low ·173rd
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+251
ISO 3166 codeET
Internet TLD.et

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums