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Ethiopia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population102,374,044
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.71% (male 22,430,798/female 22,316,910)
15-24 years: 20.04% (male 10,182,973/female 10,332,626)
25-54 years: 29.45% (male 14,970,645/female 15,178,999)
55-64 years: 3.89% (male 1,939,635/female 2,047,041)
65 years and over: 2.91% (male 1,338,985/female 1,635,432) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 81.6%
youth dependency ratio: 75.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3%
potential support ratio: 15.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.8 years
male: 17.6 years
female: 18 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.88% (2016 est.)
Birth rate36.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 19.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.89% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationADDIS ABABA (capital) 3.238 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.82 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 51.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.2 years
male: 59.8 years
female: 64.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.07 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate28.6% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.15% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS730,300 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths23,400 (2014 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 48.6% of population
total: 57.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 51.4% of population
total: 42.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 27.2% of population
rural: 28.2% of population
total: 28% of population
unimproved:
urban: 72.8% of population
rural: 71.8% of population
total: 72% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Ethiopian(s)
adjective: Ethiopian
Ethnic groupsOromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 8.8% (2007 est.)
ReligionsEthiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)
LanguagesOromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 49.1%
male: 57.2%
female: 41.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 10,693,164
percentage: 53% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures4.5% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate353 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight25.2% (2014)
Health expenditures4.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density6.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.3% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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