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Ethiopia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population93,877,025 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 44.4% (male 20,858,061/female 20,813,460)
15-24 years: 19.9% (male 9,258,868/female 9,382,338)
25-54 years: 29.1% (male 13,576,787/female 13,704,595)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 1,772,448/female 1,859,364)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 1,197,519/female 1,453,585) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 85.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 79.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.3 %
potential support ratio: 15.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17.5 years
male: 17.3 years
female: 17.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.9% (2013 est.)
Birth rate38.07 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.87 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali, and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 17% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.863 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.6
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 58.28 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 66.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 49.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 60 years
male: 57.73 years
female: 62.35 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate5.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate28.6% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 34% of population
total: 44% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 66% of population
total: 56% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 29% of population
rural: 19% of population
total: 21% of population
unimproved:
urban: 71% of population
rural: 81% of population
total: 79% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Ethiopian(s)
adjective: Ethiopian
Ethnic groupsOromo 34.5%, Amhara (Amara) 26.9%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrigna) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% (2007 Census)
ReligionsEthiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)
LanguagesOromo (official regional) 33.8%, Amharic (official) 29.3%, Somali 6.2%, Tigrayan (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Guragiegna 2%, Afar 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (2007 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 39%
male: 49.1%
female: 28.9% (2007 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 10,693,164
percentage: 53 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures4.7% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29.2% (2011)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.025 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density6.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013