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Syrian Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية
Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-ʻArabīyah As-Sūrīyah
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: "حماة الديار" (Arabic)
Guardians of the Homeland
CapitalDamascus
33°30′N36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Largest cityAleppo
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentUnitarydominant-party
semi-presidential republic[1][A]
 - PresidentBashar al-Assad
 - Prime MinisterWael Nader al-Halqi
 - Speaker of the People's CouncilMohammad Jihad al-Laham
LegislaturePeople's Council
Establishment
 - Proclamation of Arab Kingdom of Syria8 March 1920 
 - State of Syria established under French Mandate1 December 1924 
 - Syrian Republic established by merger of States of Jabal Druze, Alawites and Syria1930 
 - Independence (Joined UN / French Mandate ended)24 October 1945 
 - Last French troops leave17 April 1946 
 - Secession from the
United Arab Republic
28 September 1961 
 - Ba'ath partytakes power8 March 1963 
Area
 - Total185,180[2] km2 (89th)
71,479 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.1
Population
 - July 2014 estimate17,951,639 (2014 est.)[3] (54th)
 - Density118.3/km2 (101st)
306.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
 - Total$107.831 billion[4]
 - Per capita$5,040[4]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
 - Total$59.957 billion[4]
 - Per capita$2,802[4]
Gini (2004)35.8[5]
medium
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.473[6]
low ·166th
CurrencySyrian pound (SYP)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+963[B]
ISO 3166 codeSY
Internet TLD.sy, سوريا.
  1. ^Government has limited control across the country. See Syrian civil war
  2. ^02 from Lebanon

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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