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Syrian Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: "حماة الديار" (Arabic)
Humat ad-Diyar
Guardians of the Homeland
CapitalDamascus
33°30′N36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Largest cityAleppo
Official languagesArabic
Ethnic groups ()
GovernmentUnitarydominant-party[A]
semi-presidentialrepublic[1]
 • PresidentBashar al-Assad
 • Prime MinisterImad Khamis
 • Speaker of the People's CouncilHadiya Khalaf Abbas
LegislaturePeople's Council
Establishment
 • Proclamation of Arab Kingdom of Syria8 March 1920 
 • State of Syria established under French Mandate1 December 1924 
 • Syrian Republic established by merger of States of Jabal Druze, Alawites and Syria1930 
 • Independence (Joint UN / French Mandate ended)24 October 1945 
 • Last French
troops leave
17 April 1946 
 • Secession from the
United Arab Republic
28 September 1961 
 • Ba'ath party
takes power
8 March 1963 
Area
 • Total185,180[2] km2 (89th)
71,479 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.1
Population
 • July 2014 estimate17,064,854[3] (54th)
 • Density118.3/km2 (101st)
306.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
 • Total$107.831 billion[4]
 • Per capita$5,040[4]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
 • Total$59.957 billion[4]
 • Per capita$2,802[4]
Gini (2014)55.8[5]
high
HDI (2014)Decrease 0.594[6]
medium ·134th
CurrencySyrian pound (SYP)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+963
ISO 3166 codeSY
Internet TLD.sy, سوريا.
  1. ^Government has limited control across the country. See Syrian civil war

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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