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Syria Demographics Profile 2016

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Population17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166)
15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814)
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406)
55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525)
65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 70%
youth dependency ratio: 63.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9%
potential support ratio: 14.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.1 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.56% (2016 est.)
Birth rate21.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 57.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationAleppo 3.562 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.566 million; Hims (Homs) 1.641 million; Hamah 1.237 million; Lattakia 781,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.82 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.9 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.55 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate53.9% (2009/10)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS900 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsless than 100 (2014 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groupsArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
ReligionsMuslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 192,915
percentage: 4% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate68 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2009)
Health expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.6% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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