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Syria Demographics Profile 2014

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Population17,951,639
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012) (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.1% (male 3,046,922/female 2,898,060)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 1,833,802/female 1,789,854)
25-54 years: 37.9% (male 3,406,744/female 3,396,756)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 429,644/female 440,980)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 320,946/female 387,931) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 63.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 57 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9 %
potential support ratio: 14.6 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 23.3 years
male: 22.9 years
female: 23.7 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate-9.73% (2014 est.)
Birth rate22.76 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.51 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-113.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 56.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationAleppo 3.164 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.65 million; Hims 1.369 million; Hamah 933,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.79 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.41 years
male: 61.4 years
female: 75.84 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.68 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.3% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groupsArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
ReligionsMuslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian) 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.1%
male: 90.3%
female: 77.7% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 192,915
percentage: 4 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate70 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2009)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.5 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014