Flag of Syria

Syria Demographics Profile 2013

Home > Factbook > Countries > Syria

Population22,457,336 (July 2013 est.)
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.9% (male 3,900,073/female 3,707,117)
15-24 years: 20.8% (male 2,387,006/female 2,285,496)
25-54 years: 36.9% (male 4,214,621/female 4,075,181)
55-64 years: 4.6% (male 504,422/female 517,413)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 395,806/female 470,201) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 15 (2013)
Median agetotal: 22.7 years
male: 22.5 years
female: 22.9 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.15% (2013 est.)
Birth rate23.01 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate3.67 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-17.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 56.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationAleppo 2.985 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.527 million; Hims 1.276 million; Hamah 854,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.14 years
male: 72.74 years
female: 77.69 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.77 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.3% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 86% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 14% of population
total: 10% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 5% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groupsArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
ReligionsSunni Muslim (Islam - official) 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.1%
male: 90.3%
female: 77.7% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2007)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 192,915
percentage: 4 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate70 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2009)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.5 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013