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Malaysia
A blue rectangle with a gold star and crescent in the canton, with 14 horizontal red and white lines on the rest of the flagShield showing symbols of the Malaysian states with a star and crescent above it and a motto below it supported by two tigers
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"[1]
"Unity Is Strength"
Anthem: Negaraku
My Country
CapitalKuala Lumpur
Putrajaya(administrative)
Largest cityKuala Lumpur
Official languagesBahasa Malaysia
Official scriptMalay (Latin) alphabet
Recognised languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups ([2])
ReligionSunni Islam (official)
DemonymMalaysian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary democracy
under an electiveconstitutional monarchy
 • Yang di-Pertuan AgongAbdul Halim
 • Prime MinisterNajib Razak
 • Chief JusticeArifin Zakaria
 • President of the Dewan NegaraS. Vigneswaran
 • Speaker of the Dewan RakyatPandikar Amin Mulia
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseDewan Negara
 • Lower houseDewan Rakyat
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Independence of the Federation of Malaya31 August 1957[3] 
 • Federation of
Malaya, North Borneo,
Sarawak
, Singapore
16 September 1963 
 • Expulsion of Singapore9 August 1965 
Area
 • Total330,803 km2 (66th)
127,720 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.3
Population
 • 2016 estimate31,224,000[4] (44th)
 • 2010 census28,334,135[5]
 • Density92/km2 (116th)
237/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$800.169 billion[6] (28th)
 • Per capita$25,833[6] (42nd)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$375.633 billion[6] (35th)
 • Per capita$12,127[6] (65th)
Gini (2009)Negative increase 46.2[7]
high ·36th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.779[8]
high ·62nd
CurrencyRinggit (RM) (MYR)
Time zoneMST(UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+8)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+60
ISO 3166 codeMY
Internet TLD.my

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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