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Malaysia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population30,949,962 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.16% (male 4,484,188/female 4,231,557)
15-24 years: 16.86% (male 2,647,105/female 2,571,883)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 6,430,455/female 6,276,427)
55-64 years: 8.06% (male 1,266,415/female 1,227,690)
65 years and over: 5.86% (male 861,151/female 953,091) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.6%
youth dependency ratio: 35.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 8.4%
potential support ratio: 11.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.2 years
male: 28 years
female: 28.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.4% (2016 est.)
Birth rate19.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKUALA LUMPUR (capital) 6.837 million; Johor Bahru 912,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75 years
male: 72.2 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS91,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,200 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 98.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 95.9% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 4.1% of population
total: 4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Ethnic groupsMalay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)
LanguagesBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.6%
male: 96.2%
female: 93.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: NA
female: NA (2014)
Education expenditures6.1% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate40 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.9% (2006)
Health expenditures4.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.2 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate12.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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