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Malaysia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population29,628,392 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 29.1% (male 4,433,911/female 4,186,635)
15-24 years: 17% (male 2,552,709/female 2,487,366)
25-54 years: 41.3% (male 6,195,754/female 6,027,160)
55-64 years: 7.4% (male 1,112,529/female 1,069,036)
65 years and over: 5.3% (male 739,696/female 823,596) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 38.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.8 %
potential support ratio: 12.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 27.4 years
male: 27.2 years
female: 27.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.51% (2013 est.)
Birth rate20.41 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate4.97 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 72.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.28 years
male: 71.51 years
female: 77.24 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.61 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate49% (2004)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS100,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,800 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Ethnic groupsMalay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census)
LanguagesBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.1%
male: 95.4%
female: 90.7% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2005)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.9% (2006)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.198 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013