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Canada
Flag of Canada
Flag
Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Latin)
(English: "From Sea to Sea")
Anthem: "O Canada"
Royal anthem"God Save the Queen"[1]
Projection of North America with Canada in green
CapitalOttawa
45°24′N75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Largest cityToronto
Official languages
  • English
  • French
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
DemonymCanadian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
representative democracy under
constitutional monarchy[2]
 • MonarchElizabeth II
 • Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
 • Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
 • Chief JusticeBeverley McLachlin
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Commons
Establishment from the United Kingdom
 • ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 
 • Statute of WestminsterDecember 11, 1931 
 • PatriationApril 17, 1982 
Area
 • Total9,984,670 km2 (2nd)
3,854,085 sq mi
 • Water (%)8.92 (891,163 km2 / 344,080 mi2)
Population
 • Q2 2016 estimate36,286,425[3] (37th)
 • 2011 census33,476,688[4]
 • Density3.41/km2 (228th)
8.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.672 trillion[5] (15th)
 • Per capita$46,199[5] (20th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.462 trillion[5] (10th)
 • Per capita$40,409[5] (15th)
Gini (2010)33.7[6]
medium ·110th[7]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.913[8]
very high ·9th
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zone(UTC−3.5 to −8)
 • Summer (DST) (UTC−2.5 to −7)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+1
ISO 3166 codeCA
Internet TLD.ca
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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