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Canada
Vertical triband (red, white, red) with a red maple leaf in the centre
Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Latin)
(English: "From Sea to Sea")
Anthem: "O Canada"


Projection of North America with Canada in green
CapitalOttawa
45°24′N75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Largest cityToronto
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
DemonymCanadian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutional monarchy[4]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
David Johnston
Justin Trudeau
Beverley McLachlin
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Commons
Independence from the United Kingdom
July 1, 1867
December 11, 1931
April 17, 1982
Area
• Total area
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)
• Water (%)
8.92
• Total land area
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)
Population
• 2016 census
35,151,728[5] (38th)
• Density
3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.672 trillion[6] (15th)
• Per capita
$46,199[6] (20th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.529 trillion[7] (10th)
• Per capita
$40,409[6] (15th)
Gini (2012)31.6[8]
medium · 20th[9]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.920[10]
very high · 10th
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zone(UTC−3.5 to −8)
• Summer (DST)
 (UTC−2.5 to −7)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+1
ISO 3166 codeCA
Internet TLD.ca
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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