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Canada
Vertical triband (red, white, red) with a red maple leaf in the centre
FlagCoat of Arms
Motto: "A Mari Usque Ad Mare" (Latin)
"From Sea to Sea"
(As seen on the Arms of Canada)
Anthem: "O Canada"
Royal anthem"God Save the Queen"[1]
Projection of North America with Canada in green
CapitalOttawa
45°24′N75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Largest cityToronto
Official languages
  • English
  • French
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
DemonymCanadian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutional monarchy[2]
 - MonarchElizabeth II
 - Governor GeneralDavid Johnston
 - Prime MinisterStephen Harper
 - Chief JusticeBeverley McLachlin
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseHouse of Commons
Establishment from the United Kingdom
 - Constitution ActJuly 1, 1867 
 - Statute of WestminsterDecember 11, 1931 
 - Canada ActApril 17, 1982 
Area
 - Total9,984,670 km2 (2nd)
3,854,085 sq mi
 - Water (%)8.92 (891,163 km2 / 344,080 mi2)
Population
 - Q2 2015 estimate35,749,600[3] (37th)
 - 2011 census33,476,688[4]
 - Density3.41/km2 (228th)
8.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$1.591 trillion[5] (15th)
 - Per capita$44,843[5] (20th)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$1.788 trillion[5] (11th)
 - Per capita$50,397[5] (15th)
Gini (2010)33.7[6]
medium ·103rd[7]
HDI (2013)Steady 0.902[8]
very high ·8th
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zone(UTC−3.5 to −8)
 - Summer (DST) (UTC−2.5 to −7)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+1
ISO 3166 codeCA
Internet TLD.ca
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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