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Canada Demographics Profile 2014

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Population34,834,841 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.5% (male 2,764,691/female 2,628,413)
15-24 years: 12.7% (male 2,267,210/female 2,142,085)
25-54 years: 41% (male 7,244,109/female 7,052,512)
55-64 years: 13.5% (male 2,336,202/female 2,380,703)
65 years and over: 17.3% (male 2,670,482/female 3,348,434) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22.9 %
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.7 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 42.9 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.76% (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.29 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.31 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate5.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 80.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationToronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.71 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.67 years
male: 79.07 years
female: 84.42 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.59 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS68,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
Ethnic groupsCanadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2000)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures11.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.07 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2008)
Demographics Comparison

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014