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Canada Demographics Profile 2013

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Population34,568,211 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.5% (male 2,753,263/female 2,617,600)
15-24 years: 12.9% (male 2,285,268/female 2,160,005)
25-54 years: 41.4% (male 7,253,587/female 7,067,997)
55-64 years: 13.3% (male 2,285,072/female 2,329,760)
65 years and over: 16.8% (male 2,574,216/female 3,241,443) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 46.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 24 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22.2 %
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2013)
Median agetotal: 41.5 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 42.7 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.77% (2013 est.)
Birth rate10.28 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.2 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 81% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationToronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Calgary 1.16 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.6 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.57 years
male: 78.98 years
female: 84.31 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.59 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS68,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
Ethnic groupsBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2004)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures11.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.069 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2008)
Demographics Comparison

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013