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Canada vs. United States

Demographics

CanadaUnited States
Population34,834,841 (July 2014 est.)318,892,103 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.5% (male 2,764,691/female 2,628,413)
15-24 years: 12.7% (male 2,267,210/female 2,142,085)
25-54 years: 41% (male 7,244,109/female 7,052,512)
55-64 years: 13.5% (male 2,336,202/female 2,380,703)
65 years and over: 17.3% (male 2,670,482/female 3,348,434) (2014 est.)
0-14 years: 19.4% (male 31,580,349/female 30,221,106)
15-24 years: 13.7% (male 22,436,057/female 21,321,861)
25-54 years: 39.9% (male 63,452,792/female 63,671,631)
55-64 years: 12.6% (male 19,309,019/female 20,720,284)
65 years and over: 14.5% (male 20,304,644/female 25,874,360) (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.7 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 42.9 years (2014 est.)
total: 37.6 years
male: 36.3 years
female: 39 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.76% (2014 est.)0.77% (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.29 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)13.42 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.31 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)8.15 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate5.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)2.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.71 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
total: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.75 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.67 years
male: 79.07 years
female: 84.42 years (2014 est.)
total population: 79.56 years
male: 77.11 years
female: 81.94 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.59 children born/woman (2014 est.)2.01 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)0.6% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
noun: American(s)
adjective: American
Ethnic groupsCanadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)
white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS68,000 (2009 est.)1.2 million (2009 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)17,000 (2012 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
note: the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 28 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2000)
total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)5.4% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 80.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 82.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major cities - populationToronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011)New York-Newark 20.352 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 13.395 million; Chicago 9.676 million; Miami 6.061 million; Philadelphia 5.927 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.705 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)21 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures11.2% of GDP (2011)17.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.07 physicians/1,000 population (2010)2.42 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2008)33% (2008)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1 (2011 est.)25.4 (2009 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
76.4%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22.9 %
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2014 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51 %
youth dependency ratio: 29.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21.6 %
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2014 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook