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Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
  • Ordem e Progresso  (Portuguese)
  • (English: "Order and Progress")
Anthem: 

National seal
CapitalBrasília
15°47′S47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest citySão Paulo
23°33′S46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633
Official languagesPortuguese[2][3]
Ethnic groups (2010[4])
DemonymBrazilian
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentMichel Temer
 • Vice PresidentVacant[5]
 • President of the
Chamber of Deputies
Rodrigo Maia
 • President of the Federal SenateRenan Calheiros
 • President of the Supreme Federal CourtCármen Lúcia
LegislatureNational Congress
 • Upper houseFederal Senate
 • Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from the Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
 • Declared7 September 1822 
 • Recognized29 August 1825 
 • Republic15 November 1889 
 • Current constitution5 October 1988 
Area
 • Total8,515,767 km2 (5th)
3,287,597 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.65
Population
 • 2016 estimate206,440,850[6] (5th)
 • Density23.8/km2 (190th)
62/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$3.101 trillion (7th)
 • Per capita$15,048[7] (77th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.534 trillion (9th)
 • Per capita$7,447[7] (69th)
Gini (2012) 51.9[8]
high
HDI (2014)Increase 0.755[9]
high ·75th
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneBRT(UTC−2 to −5)
 • Summer (DST)BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR
Internet TLD.br
a.Multiracial

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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