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Republic of the Philippines
  • Republika ng Pilipinas
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"[1]
"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land
Great Seal
Seal of the Philippines.svg
Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas  (Tagalog)
Great Seal of the Philippines
Location of  Philippines  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Philippines  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

CapitalManilaa
14°35′N120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Largest cityQuezon City
14°38′N121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
Optional languagesb
Ethnic groups (2010[3])
DemonymFilipino (masculine)
Filipina (feminine)
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentBenigno S. Aquino III
 - Vice PresidentJejomar Binay
 - Senate PresidentFranklin Drilon
 - House SpeakerFeliciano Belmonte, Jr.
 - Chief JusticeMaria Lourdes Sereno
LegislatureCongress
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from Spainc and the United Statesd
 - Spanish conquest27 April 1565 
 - British occupation30 October 1762 
 - Independence from Spain declared12 June 1898 
 - Organic Act1 July 1902 
 - Self-government24 March 1934 
 - Independence from the United States4 July 1946 
 - Current constitution2 February 1987 
Area
 - Total300,000 km2 (73rd)
120,000 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.61[4] (inland waters)
 - Land298,170 km2
115,120 sq mi
Population
 - 2015 estimate101,672,500 (12th)
 - 2010 census92,337,852
 - Density338.91/km2 (43rd)
877.77/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$751.770 billion[5]
 - Per capita$7,412[5]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$330.259 billion[5]
 - Per capita$3,256[5]
Gini (2009)positive decrease 43.0[6]
medium ·44th
HDI (2013)Increase 0.660[7]
medium ·117th
CurrencyPeso (Filipino: piso) (₱) (PHP)
Time zonePST(UTC+8)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+8)
Date format
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright[8]
Calling code+63
ISO 3166 codePH
Internet TLD.ph
a.^a While Manila proper is designated as capital, the whole of Metro Manila is designated as seat of government.[9]
b.^b The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies, "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."[10]
c.^c Philippine revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but the Spanish claim of sovereignty was passed from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris. This led to the Philippine–American War.
d.^d The United States of America granted independence to the Philippines on July 4, 1946 through the Treaty of Manila.[11] July 4 was chosen as the date by the United States because it corresponds to the United States' Independence Day, and that day was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until 1962. On May 12, 1962, PresidentDiosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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