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Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"[1]
"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land
Great Seal
Seal of the Philippines.svg
Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas  (Tagalog)
Great Seal of the Philippines
CapitalManilaa
14°35′N120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Largest cityQuezon City
14°38′N121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
Optional languagesb
Ethnic groups (2010[3])
DemonymFilipino (masculine)
Filipina (feminine)

Pinoy (colloquial masculine)
Pinay (colloquial feminine)

Philippine (English)
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentRodrigo Duterte
 • Vice PresidentLeni Robredo
 • Senate PresidentAquilino Pimentel III
 • House SpeakerPantaleon Alvarez
 • Chief JusticeMaria Lourdes Sereno
LegislatureCongress
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Formation of the Republicc Independence from Spainc and the United Statesd
 • Independence from Spain declaredJune 12, 1898 
 • Self-governmentMarch 24, 1934 
 • Independence from the United States recognizedJuly 4, 1946 
 • Current constitutionFebruary 2, 1987 
Area
 • Total300,000 km2 (73rd)
115,831 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.61[4] (inland waters)
 • Land298,170 km2
115,120 sq mi
Population
 • 2015 census100,981,437[5] (12th)
 • Density336.60/km2 (43rd)
890.34/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$793.193 billion[6]
 • Per capita$7,612[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$310.312 billion[6]
 • Per capita$3,073[6]
Gini (2012)46.0[7]
high ·44th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.668[8]
medium ·115th
CurrencyPeso (Filipino: piso) (₱) (PHP)
Time zonePST(UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+8)
Date format
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright[9]
Calling code+63
ISO 3166 codePH
Internet TLD.ph
a.^ While Manila proper is designated as the nation's capital, the whole of Metro Manila is designated as seat of government.[10]
b.^ The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."[11]
c.^ Philippine revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but Spain ceded the islands to the United States for $20 million in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898 which eventually led to the Philippine–American War.
d.^ The United States of America recognized the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, through the Treaty of Manila.[12] This date was chosen because it corresponds to the U.S. Independence Day, which was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until May 12, 1962, when PresidentDiosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, shifting it to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo's proclamation.[13]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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