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Republic of the Philippines
Repúblika ng Pilipinas
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa"[1]
"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land
CapitalManila[2]
14°35′N121°0′E / 14.583°N 121.000°E / 14.583; 121.000
Largest cityQuezon City
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
Optional languagesa
DemonymFilipino
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic
 - PresidentBenigno Aquino III
 - Vice PresidentJejomar Binay
 - Senate PresidentFranklin Drilon
 - House SpeakerFeliciano Belmonte, Jr.
 - Chief JusticeMaria Lourdes Sereno
LegislatureCongress
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from Spainb and the United States
 - EstablishedApril 27, 1565 
 - DeclaredJune 12, 1898 
 - Self-governmentMarch 24, 1934 
 - RecognizedJuly 4, 1946 
 - Current constitutionFebruary 2, 1987 
Area
 - Land300,000 km2[4] (73rd)
115,831 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.61[5] (inland waters)
Population
 - 2013 estimate98,735,000[6] (12th)
 - Density308.0/km2 (43rd)
797.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$454.286 billion[7] (32nd)
 - Per capita$4,660[7] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$272.207 billion[7] (41st)
 - Per capita$2,792[7] (125th)
Gini (2009)43.0[8]
medium ·44th
HDI (2013)0.654[9]
medium ·114th
CurrencyPeso (Filipino: piso) (₱) (PHP)
Time zonePST(UTC+8)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+8)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Drives on theright[10]
Calling code+63
ISO 3166 codePH
Internet TLD.ph
a.^a The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies, "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis."[11]
b.^b Philippine revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but the Spanish claim of sovereignty was passed from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris. This led to the Philippine–American War.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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