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Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace
Negara Brunei Darussalam(Rumi)
نڬارا بروني دارالسلام(Jawi)
FlagCrest
Motto: 
  • الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى
  • Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah
  • "Always in service with God's guidance"
Anthem: 

Location of  Brunei  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Brunei  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bandar Seri Begawan
4°53.417′N114°56.533′E / 4.890283°N 114.942217°E / 4.890283; 114.942217
Official languagesMalay[a]
RecognisedEnglish[b]
Other languages
and local dialects[1][2]
Ethnic groups (2004[3])
ReligionSunni Islam
DemonymBruneian
GovernmentUnitaryIslamicabsolute
monarchy
 • Sultan and Yang di-PertuanHassanal Bolkiah
 • Crown PrinceAl-Muhtadee Billah
 • State MuftiAbdul Aziz Juned
LegislatureLegislative Council
Formation
 • Sultanatec.1368 
 • Empire15th – 19th century 
 • Castilian War16 April 1578 - 26 June 1578 
 • British protectorate1888 
 • Japanese occupation of British Borneo16 December 1941 - 10 September 1945 
 • 1959 Constitution29 September 1959 
 • Independence from
the United Kingdom
1 January 1984 
 • National Day23 February 1984 
Area
 • Total5,765 km2 (172nd)
2,226 sq mi
 • Water (%)8.6
Population
 • Jul 2013[4] estimate415,717[4] (175th)
 • Density72.11/km2 (134th)
186.75/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$25.245 billion[5] (116th)
 • Per capita$54,537[5] (10th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$17.060 billion[5] (111th)
 • Per capita$36,855[5] (22nd)
HDI (2014)Increase 0.856[6]
very high ·31st
CurrencyBrunei dollar (BND)
Time zoneBrunei Darussalam Time(UTC+8)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+673[c]
ISO 3166 codeBN
Internet TLD.bn[7]
a.^ Under Article 82: "Official language" of the Constitution of Brunei, Malay is the official language.
b.^ Under Article 82: "Official language" of the Constitution of Brunei, English is used in official documents (official documents are bilingual; Malay and English).[8]
c.^ Also 080 from East Malaysia.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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