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Jamaica
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Out of Many, One People"
Anthem: 
Capital
and largest city
Kingston
17°59′N76°48′W / 17.983°N 76.800°W / 17.983; -76.800
Official languages
National languageJamaican Patois(de facto)
DemonymJamaican
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 - MonarchElizabeth II
 - Governor-GeneralSir Patrick Allen
 - Prime MinisterPortia Simpson-Miller
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
 - Declared6 August 1962 
Area
 - Total10,991 km2 (166th)
4,244 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.5
Population
 - July 2012 estimate2,889,187[1] (139th)
 - Density252/km2 (49th)
656/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$25.317 billion[2] (2012)
 - Per capita$9,199[2]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 - Total$15.569 billion[2]
 - Per capita$5,657[2]
Gini (2004)45.5[3]
medium
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.715[4]
high ·96th
CurrencyJamaican dollar (JMD)
Time zone(UTC-5)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-876
ISO 3166 codeJM
Internet TLD.jm

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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