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Jamaica
Motto: "Out of Many, One People"
Location of Jamaica
Capital
and largest city
Kingston
17°59′N76°48′W / 17.983°N 76.800°W / 17.983; -76.800
Official languagesEnglish
National languageJamaican Patois(de facto)
Ethnic groups(2011[1])
  • 92.1% Black
  • 6.1% Mixed
  • 0.8% Asian
  • 0.4% Other
  • 0.7% Unspecified
DemonymJamaican
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Patrick Allen
Andrew Holness
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Granted
6 August 1962
Area
• Total
10,991 km2 (4,244 sq mi) (166th)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• July 2015 estimate
2,950,210[1] (139th)
• Density
268/km2 (694.1/sq mi) (49th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$25.437 billion[2] (2016)
• Per capita
$8,991[2]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$14.057 billion[2]
• Per capita
$4,968[2]
Gini (2004)45.5[3]
medium · 84th[4]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.719[5]
high · 99th
CurrencyJamaican dollar (JMD)
Time zone(UTC-5)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-876
ISO 3166 codeJM
Internet TLD.jm

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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