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Jamaica Demographics Profile 2014

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Population2,930,050 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.4% (male 423,855/female 409,651)
15-24 years: 21.7% (male 319,291/female 316,773)
25-54 years: 36.4% (male 525,288/female 542,015)
55-64 years: 5.6% (male 79,875/female 84,562)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 102,377/female 126,363) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 40.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.2 %
potential support ratio: 8.2 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.9 years
male: 24.4 years
female: 25.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.69% (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.41 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.67 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-4.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 52% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKINGSTON (capital) 571,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.2
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.69 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.27 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.48 years
male: 71.87 years
female: 75.17 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.05 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69% (2002/03)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS28,400 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,300 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 88.8% of population
total: 93.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 11.2% of population
total: 6.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 78.4% of population
rural: 82.2% of population
total: 80.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 21.6% of population
rural: 17.8% of population
total: 19.8% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Jamaican(s)
adjective: Jamaican
Ethnic groupsblack 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren .9%, and Moravian .7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEnglish, English patois
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 87%
male: 82.1%
female: 91.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2002)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 38,516
percentage: 6 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures6.1% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate110 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.2% (2010)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density0.41 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015