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Republic of Zimbabwe
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Work"[1]
Anthem: 
"Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"[2]
Location of  Zimbabwe  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Zimbabwe  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Harare
17°50′S31°3′E / 17.833°S 31.050°E / -17.833; 31.050
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2012)
DemonymZimbabwean
GovernmentDominant-partypresidential republic
 • PresidentRobert Mugabe
 • First Vice PresidentEmmerson Mnangagwa
 • Second Vice PresidentPhelekezela Mphoko
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Assembly
Independencefrom the United Kingdom
 • Declared11 November 1965 
 • Recognised18 April 1980 
 • Current constitution15 May 2013 
Area
 • Total390,757 km2 (60th)
150,871 sq mi
 • Water (%)1
Population
 • 2012 estimate12,973,808[4] (73rd)
 • 2012[5] census13,061,239
 • Density26/km2 (170th)
57/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$28.918 billion[6]
 • Per capita$2,133[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$14.292 billion[6]
 • Per capita$1,054[6]
Gini (1995)50.1[7]
high
HDI (2014)Increase 0.509[8]
low ·155th
CurrencyUnited States dollar (official for government), South African rand, and many other currenciesa, e.g. Botswana pula. Zimbabwe bond coins are used as a proxy for US dollar coins. Zimbabwe bond notes are set to be introduced in 2016.
Time zoneCAT[9](UTC+2)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+263
ISO 3166 codeZW
Internet TLD.zw
a.The Zimbabwean dollar is no longer in active use after it was officially suspended by the government due to hyperinflation. The United States dollar (US$), South African rand (R), Botswana pula (P), pound sterling (£), euro (€), Indian rupees (), Australian dollars (A$), Renminbi (元/¥), and Japanese yen (¥)[10] are legal tender.[11] The United States dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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