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Zimbabwe Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSouthern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
Geographic coordinates20 00 S, 30 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 390,757 sq km
land: 386,847 sq km
water: 3,910 sq km
Area - comparativeabout four times the size of Indiana; slightly larger than Montana
Land boundariestotal: 3,229 km
border countries (4): Botswana 834 km, Mozambique 1,402 km, South Africa 230 km, Zambia 763 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)
Terrainmostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 961 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers 162 m
highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m
Natural resourcescoal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals
Land useagricultural land: 42.5%
arable land 10.9%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 31.3%
forest: 39.5%
other: 18% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,740 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsrecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zambia; in full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water; Lake Kariba on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border forms the world's largest reservoir by volume (180 cu km; 43 cu mi)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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