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Zimbabwe Demographics Profile 2013

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Population13,182,908 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 39.4% (male 2,623,606/female 2,570,028)
15-24 years: 22.5% (male 1,472,186/female 1,493,816)
25-54 years: 30.8% (male 2,039,943/female 2,018,589)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 176,951/female 311,113)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 193,147/female 283,529) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 69.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.8 %
potential support ratio: 14.7 (2013)
Median agetotal: 19.5 years
male: 19 years
female: 20 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate4.38% (2013 est.)
Birth rate32.41 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate11.4 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate22.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 38.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHARARE (capital) 1.606 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.57 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.5
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 27.25 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 29.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 53.86 years
male: 53.79 years
female: 53.93 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate3.58 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.5% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate14.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1.2 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths83,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 69% of population
total: 80% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 31% of population
total: 20% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 52% of population
rural: 32% of population
total: 40% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 68% of population
total: 60% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean
Ethnic groupsAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Religionssyncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 83.6%
male: 87.8%
female: 80.1% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2003)
Education expenditures2.5% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate570 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2011)
Physicians density0.062 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013