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Zimbabwe Demographics Profile 2016

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Population14,546,961
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 37.8% (male 2,778,806/female 2,720,033)
15-24 years: 21.29% (male 1,560,833/female 1,536,110)
25-54 years: 33.86% (male 2,578,142/female 2,346,993)
55-64 years: 3.55% (male 188,851/female 327,483)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 194,933/female 314,777) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 80.4%
youth dependency ratio: 75%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3%
potential support ratio: 18.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.6 years
male: 20.5 years
female: 20.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.2% (2016 est.)
Birth rate31.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 32.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHARARE (capital) 1.501 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.58 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.62 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010/11 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 25.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 28.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 58 years
male: 57.3 years
female: 58.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.5 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.5% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate14.69% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,425,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths29,400 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 76.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 23.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 30.8% of population
total: 36.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 69.2% of population
total: 63.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean
Ethnic groupsAfrican 99.4% (predominantly Shona; Ndebele is the second largest ethnic group), other 0.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2012 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 75.9% (includes Apostolic 38%, Pentecostal 21.1%, other 16.8%), Roman Catholic 8.4%, other Christian 8.4%, other 1.2% (includes traditional, Muslim), none 6.1% (2011 est.)
LanguagesShona (official; most widely spoken), Ndebele (official, second most widely spoken), English (official; traditionally used for official business), 13 minority languages (official; includes Chewa, Chibarwe, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 86.5%
male: 88.5%
female: 84.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2013)
Education expenditures2% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate443 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.2% (2014)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.4% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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