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Republic of Mauritius
République de Maurice  (French)
Repiblik Moris  (Mauritian creole)
Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem: Motherland
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius (excluding Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin Island)
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius (excluding Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin Island)
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black; Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin are claimed by Mauritius.
Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black; Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin are claimed by Mauritius.
CapitalCoat of arms of Port Louis, Mauritius.svgPort Louis
20°10′S57°31′E / 20.167°S 57.517°E / -20.167; 57.517
Largest cityPort Louis
Official languagesNonea
Vernacular languagesb[1]Mauritian Creole
French
English
Bhojpuri
Other languages
Religion51.9% Hinduism
31.4% Christianity
15.3% Islam
0.4% Buddhism
1% others
DemonymMauritian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary republic
Ameenah Gurib
Pravind Jugnauth
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
12 March 1968
• Republic
12 March 1992
Area
• Total
2,040 km2 (790 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.07
Population
• July 2016 estimate
1,348,242[2] (156th)
• 2011 census
1,236,817[3]
• Density
618.24/km2 (1,601.2/sq mi) (19th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$23.322 billion[4]
• Per capita
US$18,728[4] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
US$13.551 billion[4]
• Per capita
US$11,004[5] (68th)
Gini (2012)35.9[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.777[7]
high · 63rd
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
Time zoneMUT(UTC+4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+230
ISO 3166 codeMU
Internet TLD.mu
  1. The constitution only mentions that in Parliament debate, English is official and French can be used.[8][9]
  2. The mother tongue of Mauritians (2011 Census).[1]
  3. These ancestral languages are mostly used in music, religious and cultural activities.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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