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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinna
59°25′N24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official languagesEstonianb
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2016[1])
DemonymEstonian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
 • PresidentToomas Hendrik Ilvesd
 • Prime MinisterTaavi Rõivas
LegislatureRiigikogu
Independence
 • Autonomy declared12 April 1917 
 • Independence declared
then recognised
24 February 1918
2 February 1920 
 • Foreign occupation1940–1991 
 • Independence restored20 August 1991 
 • Joined the European Union1 May 2004 
Area
 • Total45,339[2] km2 (132nde)
17,505 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.45%
Population
 • 2016 estimate1,315,944[3] (154th)
 • 2011 census1,294,455[4]
 • Density28/km2 (188th)
75/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$38.754 billion[5]
 • Per capita$29,543[5] (42nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$23.847 billion[5]
 • Per capita$18,180[5] (41st)
Gini (2013)Negative increase 32.9[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.861[7]
very high ·30th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eef
a.The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
b.According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.[8] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn.
c.Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[9]
d.SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
e.47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[10]Pechory remains under Russian administration.
f.Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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