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Hellenic Republic[1]
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía  (Greek)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»(traditional)
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: «Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν»
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of  Greece  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Greece  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Athens
37°58′N23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Official language
and national language
Greek
ReligionEastern Orthodox Christianity
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional republic
 - PresidentProkopis Pavlopoulos
 - Prime MinisterAlexis Tsipras
 - Speaker of the ParliamentZoi Konstantopoulou
LegislatureVoulí ton Ellínon
Formation
 - Independence declaredfrom the Ottoman Empire25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration in the First National Assembly at Epidaurus
 - Recognized3 February 1830 
 - Current constitution11 June 1975 
Area
 - Total131,957 km2[2] (97th)
50,949 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.8669
Population
 - 2012 census10,815,197[3] (80th)
 - Density82[4]/km2 (120th)
212/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$294 billion[5] (51st)
 - Per capita$26,773[5] (41st)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$207 billion[5] (44th)
 - Per capita$18,863[5] (37th)
Gini (2014)negative increase 34.5[6]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.853[7]
very high ·29th
CurrencyEuro ()a (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+30
ISO 3166 codeGR
Internet TLD.grb
a.Before 2002, the Greek drachma.
b.The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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