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Hellenic Republic
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía  (Greek)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»(traditional)
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: «Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν»
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of  Greece  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Greece  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Athens
37°58′N23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Official language
and national language
Greek
ReligionEastern Orthodoxy (prevailing faith)
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional republic
 • PresidentProkopis Pavlopoulos
 • Prime MinisterAlexis Tsipras
 • Speaker of the ParliamentNikos Voutsis
LegislatureHellenic Parliament
Formation of the Republic
 • Independence declaredfrom the Ottoman Empire25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration in the First National Assembly at Epidaurus
 • Recognized3 February 1830 
 • Current constitution11 June 1975 
Area
 • Total131,957 km2[1] (97th)
50,949 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.8669
Population
 • 2015 estimate10,955,000[2]
 • 2011 census10,815,197[3] (80th)
 • Density82[4]/km2 (120th)
212/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$287.114 billion[5] (51st)
 • Per capita$26,606[5] (44th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$194.594 billion[5] (44th)
 • Per capita$18,035[5] (38th)
Gini (2015) 34.2[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.865[7]
very high ·29th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+30
ISO 3166 codeGR
Internet TLD.gra
.ελ
a.The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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