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Unemployment rate

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Afghanistan
23.9% (2017 est.)
22.6% (2016 est.)
Albania
13.8% (2017 est.)
15.2% (2016 est.)

note: these official rates may not include those working at near-subsistence farming

Algeria
11.7% (2017 est.)
10.5% (2016 est.)
American Samoa
29.8% (2005)
Andorra
3.7% (2016 est.)
4.1% (2015 est.)
Angola
6.6% (2016 est.)
Anguilla
8% (2002)
Antigua and Barbuda
11% (2014 est.)
Argentina
8.4% (2017 est.)
8.5% (2016 est.)
Armenia
18.9% (2017 est.)
18.8% (2016 est.)
Aruba
7.7% (2016 est.)
Australia
5.6% (2017 est.)
5.7% (2016 est.)
Austria
5.5% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
Azerbaijan
5% (2017 est.)
5% (2016 est.)
Bahamas, The
10.1% (2017 est.)
12.2% (2016 est.)
Bahrain
3.6% (2017 est.)
3.7% (2016 est.)

note: official estimate; actual rate is higher

Bangladesh
4.4% (2017 est.)
4.4% (2016 est.)

note: about 40% of the population is underemployed; many persons counted as employed work only a few hours a week and at low wages

Barbados
10.1% (2017 est.)
9.9% (2016 est.)
Belarus
0.8% (2017 est.)
1% (2016 est.)

note: official registered unemployed; large number of underemployed workers

Belgium
7.1% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Belize
9% (2017 est.)
8% (2016 est.)
Benin
1% (2014 est.)
Bermuda
7% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
Bhutan
3.2% (2017 est.)
3.2% (2016 est.)
Bolivia
4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)

note: data are for urban areas; widespread underemployment

Bosnia and Herzegovina
20.5% (2017 est.)
25.4% (2016 est.)

note: official rate; actual rate is lower as many technically unemployed persons work in the gray economy

Botswana
20% (2013 est.)
17.8% (2009 est.)
Brazil
12.8% (2017 est.)
11.3% (2016 est.)
British Virgin Islands
2.9% (2015 est.)
Brunei
6.9% (2017 est.)
6.9% (2016 est.)
Bulgaria
6.2% (2017 est.)
7.7% (2016 est.)
Burkina Faso
77% (2004)
Burma
4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
Burundi

NA

Cambodia
0.3% (2017 est.)
0.2% (2016 est.)

note: high underemployment, according to official statistics

Cameroon
4.3% (2014 est.)
30% (2001 est.)
Canada
6.3% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
Cape Verde
9% (2017 est.)
9% (2016 est.)
Cayman Islands
4% (2008)
4.4% (2004)
Central African Republic
6.9% (2017 est.)
Chad

NA

Chile
6.7% (2017 est.)
6.5% (2016 est.)
China
3.9% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)

note: data are for registered urban unemployment, which excludes private enterprises and migrants

Cocos (Keeling) Islands
0.1% (2011)
60% (2000 est.)
Colombia
9.3% (2017 est.)
9.2% (2016 est.)
Comoros
6.5% (2014 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the

NA

Congo, Republic of the
36% (2014 est.)
Cook Islands
13.1% (2005)
Costa Rica
8.1% (2017 est.)
9.5% (2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire
9.4% (2013 est.)
Croatia
12.4% (2017 est.)
15% (2016 est.)
Cuba
2.6% (2017 est.)
2.4% (2016 est.)

note: data are official rates; unofficial estimates are about double

Cyprus
11.1% (2017 est.)
13% (2016 est.)
Czech Republic
2.9% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
Denmark
5.7% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
Djibouti
40% (2017 est.)
60% (2014 est.)
Dominica
23% (2000 est.)
Dominican Republic
5.1% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
East Timor
4.4% (2014 est.)
3.9% (2010 est.)
Ecuador
4.6% (2017 est.)
5.2% (2016 est.)
Egypt
12.2% (2017 est.)
12.7% (2016 est.)
El Salvador
7% (2017 est.)
6.9% (2016 est.)

note: data are official rates; but underemployment is high

Equatorial Guinea
8.6% (2014 est.)
22.3% (2009 est.)
Eritrea
5.8% (2017 est.)
10% (2016 est.)
Estonia
5.8% (2017 est.)
6.8% (2016 est.)
Ethiopia
17.5% (2012 est.)
18% (2011 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
1% (2016 est.)
Faroe Islands
2.2% (2017 est.)
3.4% (2016 est.)
Fiji
4.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Finland
8.5% (2017 est.)
8.8% (2016 est.)
France
9.4% (2017 est.)
10.1% (2016 est.)

note: includes overseas territories

French Polynesia
21.8% (2012)
11.7% (2010)
Gabon
28% (2015 est.)
20.4% (2014 est.)
Gambia, The

NA

Gaza Strip
27.9% (2017 est.)
27% (2016 est.)

note: data exclude the West Bank

Georgia
NA% (2017 est.)
11.8% (2016 est.)
Germany
3.8% (2017 est.)
4.2% (2016 est.)
Ghana
11.9% (2015 est.)
5.2% (2013 est.)
Gibraltar
1% (2016 est.)
Greece
21.5% (2017 est.)
23.6% (2016 est.)
Greenland
9.1% (2015 est.)
10.3% (2014 est.)
Grenada
24% (2017 est.)
28.2% (2016 est.)
Guam
4.5% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
Guatemala
2.3% (2017 est.)
2.4% (2016 est.)
Guernsey
1.2% (2016 est.)
Guinea
2.7% (2017 est.)
2.8% (2016 est.)
Guinea-Bissau

NA

Guyana
11.1% (2013)
11.3% (2012)
Haiti
40.6% (2010 est.)

note: widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs

Honduras
5.6% (2017 est.)
6.3% (2016 est.)

note: about one-third of the people are underemployed

Hong Kong
3.1% (2017 est.)
3.4% (2016 est.)
Hungary
4.2% (2017 est.)
5.1% (2016 est.)
Iceland
2.8% (2017 est.)
3% (2016 est.)
India
8.5% (2017 est.)
8.5% (2016 est.)
Indonesia
5.4% (2017 est.)
5.6% (2016 est.)
Iran
11.8% (2017 est.)
12.4% (2016 est.)

note: data are Iranian Government numbers

Iraq
16% (2012 est.)
15% (2010 est.)
Ireland
6.7% (2017 est.)
8.4% (2016 est.)
Isle of Man
1.1% (2017 est.)
2% (April 2011 est.)
Israel
4.2% (2017 est.)
4.8% (2016 est.)
Italy
11.3% (2017 est.)
11.7% (2016 est.)
Jamaica
12.2% (2017 est.)
12.8% (2016 est.)
Japan
2.9% (2017 est.)
3.1% (2016 est.)
Jersey
4% (2015 est.)
4.6% (2014 est.)
Jordan
18.3% (2017 est.)
15.3% (2016 est.)

note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%

Kazakhstan
5% (2017 est.)
5% (2016 est.)
Kenya
40% (2013 est.)
40% (2001 est.)
Kiribati
30.6% (2010 est.)
6.1% (2005)
Korea, North
25.6% (2013 est.)
25.5% (2012 est.)
Korea, South
3.7% (2017 est.)
3.7% (2016 est.)
Kosovo
30.5% (2017 est.)
27.5% (2016 est.)

note: Kosovo has a large informal sector that may not be reflected in these data

Kuwait
1.1% (2017 est.)
1.1% (2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan
7.1% (2017 est.)
7.2% (2016 est.)
Laos
0.7% (2017 est.)
0.7% (2016 est.)
Latvia
8.7% (2017 est.)
9.6% (2016 est.)
Lebanon
9.7% (2007)
Lesotho
28.1% (2014 est.)
25% (2008 est.)
Liberia
2.8% (2014 est.)
Libya
30% (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein
2.4% (2015)
2.4% (2014)
Lithuania
7.1% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Luxembourg
5.8% (2017 est.)
6.3% (2016 est.)
Macau
2% (2017 est.)
1.9% (2016 est.)
Macedonia
22.4% (2017 est.)
23.8% (2016 est.)
Madagascar
1.8% (2017 est.)
1.8% (2016 est.)
Malawi
20.4% (2013 est.)
Malaysia
3.4% (2017 est.)
3.5% (2016 est.)
Maldives
2.9% (2017 est.)
3.2% (2016 est.)
Mali
7.9% (2017 est.)
7.8% (2016 est.)
Malta
4.6% (2017 est.)
5.3% (2016 est.)
Marshall Islands
36% (2006 est.)
30.9% (2000 est.)
Mauritania
10.2% (2017 est.)
10.1% (2016 est.)
Mauritius
7.1% (2017 est.)
7.3% (2016 est.)
Mexico
3.4% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)

note: underemployment may be as high as 25%

Micronesia, Federated States of
16.2% (2010 est.)
Moldova
4.1% (2017 est.)
4.2% (2016 est.)
Monaco
2% (2012)
Mongolia
8% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Montenegro
16.1% (2017 est.)
17.1% (2016 est.)
Montserrat
5.6% (2017 est.)
6% (1998 est.)
Morocco
10.2% (2017 est.)
9.9% (2016 est.)
Mozambique
24.5% (2017 est.)
25% (2016 est.)
Namibia
34% (2016 est.)
28.1% (2014 est.)
Nauru
23% (2011 est.)
90% (2004 est.)
Nepal
3% (2017 est.)
3.2% (2016 est.)
Netherlands
4.9% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
New Caledonia
14.7% (2014)
14% (2009)
New Zealand
4.7% (2017 est.)
5.1% (2016 est.)
Nicaragua
6.4% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)

note: underemployment was 46.5% in 2008

Niger
0.3% (2017 est.)
0.3% (2016 est.)
Nigeria
16.5% (2017 est.)
13.9% (2016 est.)
Niue
12% (2001)
Northern Mariana Islands
11.2% (2010 est.)
8% (2005 est.)
Norway
4.2% (2017 est.)
4.7% (2016 est.)
Oman

NA

Pakistan
6% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)

note: Pakistan has substantial underemployment

Palau
1.7% (2015 est.)
4.1% (2012)
Panama
6% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea
2.5% (2017 est.)
2.5% (2016 est.)
Paraguay
5.7% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
Peru
6.9% (2017 est.)
6.7% (2016 est.)

note: data are for metropolitan Lima; widespread underemployment

Philippines
5.7% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Poland
4.9% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
Portugal
8.9% (2017 est.)
11.1% (2016 est.)
Puerto Rico
10.8% (2017 est.)
11.8% (2016 est.)
Qatar
8.9% (2017 est.)
11.1% (2016 est.)
Romania
4.9% (2017 est.)
5.9% (2016 est.)
Russia
5.2% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Rwanda
2.7% (2014 est.)
Saint Helena
14% (1998 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
4.5% (1997)
Saint Lucia
20% (2003 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
8.7% (2015 est.)
9.9% (2008 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
18.8% (2008 est.)
Samoa
5.2% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)

NA

San Marino
8.1% (2017 est.)
8.6% (2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe
12.2% (2017 est.)
12.6% (2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia
6% (2017 est.)
5.6% (2016 est.)

note: data are for total population; unemployment among Saudi nationals is more than double

Senegal
48% (2007 est.)
Serbia
14.1% (2017 est.)
15.9% (2016 est.)
Seychelles
3% (2017 est.)
2.7% (2016 est.)
Sierra Leone
15% (2017 est.)
17.2% (2016 est.)
Singapore
2.2% (2017 est.)
2.1% (2016 est.)
Slovakia
8.1% (2017 est.)
9.7% (2016 est.)
Slovenia
6.6% (2017 est.)
8% (2016 est.)
Solomon Islands

NA

Somalia

NA

South Africa
27.5% (2017 est.)
26.7% (2016 est.)
Spain
17.2% (2017 est.)
19.6% (2016 est.)
Sri Lanka
4.4% (2017 est.)
4.4% (2016 est.)
Sudan
19.6% (2017 est.)
20.6% (2016 est.)
Suriname
8.9% (2017 est.)
9.7% (2016 est.)
Swaziland
28% (2014 est.)
28% (2013 est.)
Sweden
6.7% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
Switzerland
3.2% (2017 est.)
3.3% (2016 est.)
Syria
50% (2017 est.)
50% (2016 est.)
Taiwan
3.8% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
Tajikistan
2.4% (2016 est.)
2.5% (2015 est.)

note: official rate; actual unemployment is much higher

Tanzania
10.3% (2014 est.)
Thailand
0.7% (2017 est.)
0.8% (2016 est.)
Togo
6.9% (2016 est.)
Tokelau

NA

Tonga
1.1% (2011 est.)
1.1% (2006)
Trinidad and Tobago
4.9% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
Tunisia
15.5% (2017 est.)
15.5% (2016 est.)
Turkey
10.9% (2017 est.)
10.9% (2016 est.)
Turkmenistan
11% (2014 est.)
10.6% (2013)
Turks and Caicos Islands
10% (1997 est.)
Tuvalu

NA

Uganda
9.4% (2014 est.)
Ukraine
9.2% (2017 est.)
9.3% (2016 est.)

note: officially registered workers; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers

United Arab Emirates
1.6% (2016 est.)
3.6% (2014 est.)
United Kingdom
4.4% (2017 est.)
4.9% (2016 est.)
United States
4.4% (2017 est.)
4.9% (2016 est.)
Uruguay
7.6% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Uzbekistan
5% (2017 est.)
5.1% (2016 est.)

note: official data; another 20% are underemployed

Vanuatu
1.7% (1999 est.)
Venezuela
27.1% (2017 est.)
20.6% (2016 est.)
Vietnam
2.2% (2017 est.)
2.3% (2016 est.)
Virgin Islands
10.4% (2017 est.)
11% (2016 est.)
Wallis and Futuna
8.8% (2013 est.)
12.2% (2008 est.)
West Bank
27.9% (2017 est.)
27% (2016 est.)

note: excludes Gaza Strip

Western Sahara

NA

World
7.7% (2017 est.)
7.5% (2016 est.)

note: combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment (2007 est.)

Yemen
27% (2014 est.)
35% (2003 est.)
Zambia
15% (2008 est.)
50% (2000 est.)
Zimbabwe
11.3% (2014 est.)
80% (2005 est.)

note: data include both unemployment and underemployment; true unemployment is unknown and, under current economic conditions, unknowable

Source: CIA Factbook