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Unemployment rate

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Afghanistan35% (2008 est.)
40% (2005 est.)
Albania14% (2017 est.)
15.2% (2016 est.)
note: these official rates may not include those working at near-subsistence farming
Algeria11.7% (2017 est.)
10.5% (2016 est.)
American Samoa29.8% (2005)
Andorra3.7% (2016 est.)
4.1% (2015 est.)
AngolaNA%
Anguilla8% (2002)
Antigua and Barbuda11% (2014 est.)
Argentina8.1% (2017 est.)
8.5% (2016 est.)
Armenia18.9% (2017 est.)
18.8% (2016 est.)
Aruba6.9% (2005 est.)
Australia5.6% (2017 est.)
5.7% (2016 est.)
Austria5.4% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
Azerbaijan6% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
Bahamas, The10% (2017 est.)
12.2% (2016 est.)
Bahrain3.8% (2017 est.)
3.7% (2016 est.)
note: official estimate; actual rate is higher
Bangladesh4.1% (2017 est.)
4.1% (2016 est.)
note: about 40% of the population is underemployed; many persons counted as employed work only a few hours a week and at low wages
Barbados9.8% (2017 est.)
9.9% (2016 est.)
Belarus1% (2017 est.)
1% (2016 est.)
note: official registered unemployed; large number of underemployed workers
Belgium7.5% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Belize10.1% (2017 est.)
11.1% (2016 est.)
Benin1% (2014 est.)
Bermuda9% (2014 est.)
7% (2013)
Bhutan3.2% (2017 est.)
3.2% (2016 est.)
Bolivia4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
note: data are for urban areas; widespread underemployment
Bosnia and Herzegovina20.5% (2017 est.)
25.4% (2016 est.)
note: official rate; actual rate is lower as many technically unemployed persons work in the gray economy
Botswana20% (2013 est.)
17.8% (2009 est.)
Brazil13.1% (2017 est.)
11.3% (2016 est.)
British Virgin Islands8.7% (2010 est.)
Brunei6.9% (2017 est.)
6.9% (2016 est.)
Bulgaria6.6% (2017 est.)
7.7% (2016 est.)
Burkina Faso77% (2004)
Burma4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
BurundiNA%
Cambodia0.3% (2017 est.)
0.2% (2012 est.)
note: according to official statistics; underemployment is high
Cameroon4.3% (2014 est.)
30% (2001 est.)
Canada6.5% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
Cape Verde9% (2017 est.)
9% (2016 est.)
Cayman Islands4% (2008)
4.4% (2004)
Central African Republic8% (2001 est.)
note: 23% unemployment in the capital, Bangui
ChadNA%
Chile7% (2017 est.)
6.5% (2016 est.)
China4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
note: data are for registered urban unemployment, which excludes private enterprises and migrants
Cocos (Keeling) Islands0.1% (2011)
60% (2000 est.)
Colombia9.3% (2017 est.)
9.2% (2016 est.)
Comoros6.5% (2014 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theNA%
Congo, Republic of the36% (2014 est.)
Cook Islands13.1% (2005)
Costa Rica8.1% (2017 est.)
9.3% (2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire9.4% (2013 est.)
Croatia13.9% (2017 est.)
15% (2016 est.)
Cuba2.2% (2017 est.)
2% (2016 est.)
note: data are official rates; unofficial estimates are about double the official figures
Curacao13% (2013 est.)
9.8% (2011 est.)
Cyprus11.8% (2017 est.)
13% (2016 est.)
Czech Republic2.8% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
Denmark5.8% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
Djibouti60% (2014 est.)
48.4% (2012 est.)
Dominica23% (2000 est.)
Dominican Republic5.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
East Timor4.4% (2014 est.)
3.9% (2010 est.)
Ecuador5.1% (2017 est.)
5.2% (2016 est.)
Egypt12.2% (2017 est.)
12.7% (2016 est.)
El Salvador7% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
note: data are official rates; but underemployment is high
Equatorial Guinea8.6% (2014 est.)
22.3% (2009 est.)
Eritrea8.6% (2013 est.)
10% (2012 est.)
Estonia8.4% (2017 est.)
6.8% (2016 est.)
Ethiopia17.5% (2012 est.)
18% (2011 est.)
European Union9.4% (2015 est.)
10.2% (2014 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)4.1% (2010)
Faroe Islands2.8% (2016 est.)
2.9% (2015 est.)
Fiji5.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Finland8.7% (2017 est.)
8.8% (2016 est.)
France9.5% (2017 est.)
10% (2016 est.)
note: includes overseas territories
French Polynesia21.8% (2012)
11.7% (2010)
Gabon28% (2015 est.)
20.4% (2014 est.)
Gambia, TheNA%
Gaza Strip26.7% (2017 est.)
26.9% (2016 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank
Georgia11.5% (2017 est.)
11.8% (2016 est.)
Germany3.8% (2017 est.)
4.2% (2016 est.)
Ghana11.9% (2015 est.)
5.2% (2013 est.)
Gibraltar1% (2016 est.)
Greece22.3% (2017 est.)
23.6% (2016 est.)
Greenland9.1% (2015 est.)
10.3% (2014 est.)
Grenada33.5% (2013)
25% (2008)
Guam8.4% (2013 est.)
8.2% (2010 est.)
Guatemala2.4% (2016 est.)
2.7% (2015 est.)
Guernsey1.2% (2016 est.)
Guinea2.8% (2017 est.)
2.4% (2016 est.)
Guinea-BissauNA%
Guyana11.1% (2013)
11.3% (2012)
Haiti40.6% (2010 est.)
note: widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs
Honduras5.9% (2017 est.)
6.3% (2016 est.)
note: about one-third of the people are underemployed
Hong Kong2.6% (2017 est.)
2.7% (2016 est.)
Hungary4.4% (2017 est.)
5.1% (2016 est.)
Iceland2.8% (2017 est.)
3% (2016 est.)
India8.8% (2017 est.)
8% (2016 est.)
Indonesia5.4% (2017 est.)
5.6% (2016 est.)
Iran12.4% (2017 est.)
12.5% (2016 est.)
note: data are Iranian government numbers
Iraq16% (2012 est.)
15% (2010 est.)
Ireland6.4% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Isle of Man2.7% (2013 est.)
2% (April 2011 est.)
Israel4.3% (2017 est.)
4.8% (2016 est.)
Italy11.4% (2017 est.)
11.7% (2016 est.)
Jamaica12.2% (2017 est.)
12.8% (2016 est.)
Japan2.9% (2017 est.)
3.1% (2016 est.)
Jersey4% (2015 est.)
1.7% (2012 est.)
Jordan16.5% (2017 est.)
15.3% (2016 est.)
note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%
Kazakhstan5% (2017 est.)
5% (2016 est.)
Kenya40% (2013 est.)
40% (2001 est.)
Kiribati30.6% (2010 est.)
6.1% (2005)
Korea, North25.6% (2013 est.)
25.5% (2012 est.)
Korea, South3.8% (2017 est.)
3.7% (2016 est.)
Kosovo34.8% (2016 est.)
34.6% (2015 est.)
note: Kosovo has a large informal sector that may not be reflected in these data
Kuwait2.1% (2017 est.)
2.1% (2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan7.4% (2017 est.)
7.5% (2016 est.)
Laos1.5% (2016 est.)
1.5% (2016 est.)
Latvia9% (2017 est.)
9.6% (2016 est.)
LebanonNA%
Lesotho28.1% (2014 est.)
25% (2008 est.)
Liberia2.8% (2014 est.)
Libya30% (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein2.4% (2015)
2.4% (2014)
Lithuania7% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Luxembourg5.9% (2017 est.)
6.4% (2016 est.)
Macau2% (2017 est.)
1.9% (2016 est.)
Macedonia23.4% (2017 est.)
23.6% (2016 est.)
Madagascar2.1% (2016 est.)
Malawi20.4% (2013 est.)
Malaysia3.4% (2017 est.)
3.5% (2016 est.)
Maldives11.6% (2013 est.)
11% (2012 est.)
Mali8.1% (2016 est.)
8.1% (2016 est.)
Malta4.4% (2017 est.)
4.7% (2016 est.)
Marshall Islands36% (2006 est.)
30.9% (2000 est.)
Mauritania11.7% (2016 est.)
11.7% (2016 est.)
Mauritius6.9% (2017 est.)
7.2% (2016 est.)
Mexico3.6% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
note: underemployment may be as high as 25%
Micronesia, Federated States of16.2% (2010 est.)
Moldova4.3% (2017 est.)
4.2% (2016 est.)
Monaco2% (2012)
Mongolia8% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Montenegro17.1% (2016 est.)
17.6% (2015 est.)
Montserrat6% (1998 est.)
Morocco9.3% (2017 est.)
9.4% (2016 est.)
Mozambique22.4% (2014 est.)
17% (2007 est.)
Namibia28.1% (2014 est.)
29.6% (2013 est.)
Nauru23% (2011 est.)
90% (2004 est.)
Nepal3.3% (2013 est.)
2.7% (2008 est.)
Netherlands5.1% (2017 est.)
5.9% (2016 est.)
New Caledonia14.7% (2014)
14% (2009)
New Zealand4.9% (2017 est.)
5.1% (2016 est.)
Nicaragua6.5% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
note: underemployment was 46.5% in 2008
Niger2.6% (2016 est.)
2.6% (2016 est.)
Nigeria13.4% (2017 est.)
13.4% (2017 est.)
Niue12% (2001)
Northern Mariana Islands11.2% (2010 est.)
8% (2005 est.)
Norway4% (2017 est.)
4.7% (2016 est.)
Oman15% (2004 est.)
Pakistan6% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
note: substantial underemployment exists
Palau1.7% (2015 est.)
4.1% (2012)
Panama5.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea2.5% (2017 est.)
2.5% (2016 est.)
Paraguay6.5% (2017 est.)
6% (2016 est.)
Peru6.7% (2017 est.)
6.7% (2016 est.)
note: data are for metropolitan Lima; widespread underemployment
Philippines6% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Poland4.8% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
Portugal9.7% (2017 est.)
11.1% (2016 est.)
Puerto Rico11.5% (2017 est.)
11.8% (2016 est.)
Qatar0.6% (2017 est.)
0.7% (2016 est.)
Romania5.3% (2017 est.)
5.9% (2016 est.)
Russia5.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
Rwanda2.7% (2014 est.)
Saint Helena14% (1998 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis4.5% (1997)
Saint Lucia20% (2003 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon9.9% (2008 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines18.8% (2008 est.)
SamoaNA%
San Marino8% (2017 est.)
8.6% (2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe12.2% (2017 est.)
12.6% (2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia5.6% (2017 est.)
5.6% (2016 est.)
note: data are for Saudi males only (local bank estimates; some estimates are as high as 25%)
Senegal48% (2007 est.)
Serbia16% (2017 est.)
15.9% (2016 est.)
Seychelles3% (2017 est.)
2.7% (2016 est.)
Sierra Leone9.1% (2014 est.)
Singapore2.2% (2017 est.)
2.1% (2016 est.)
Sint Maarten12% (2012 est.)
10.6% (2008 est.)
Slovakia8.1% (2017 est.)
9.6% (2016 est.)
Slovenia6.8% (2017 est.)
8% (2016 est.)
Solomon IslandsNA%
SomaliaNA%
South Africa27.6% (2017 est.)
26.7% (2016 est.)
Spain17.1% (2017 est.)
19.6% (2016 est.)
Sri Lanka4% (2017 est.)
4% (2016 est.)
Sudan19.6% (2017 est.)
20.6% (2016 est.)
Suriname9.1% (2017 est.)
11% (2016 est.)
Swaziland28% (2014 est.)
28% (2013 est.)
Sweden6.6% (2017 est.)
7% (2016 est.)
Switzerland3% (2017 est.)
3.3% (2016 est.)
Syria50% (2017 est.)
50% (2016 est.)
Taiwan3.8% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
Tajikistan2.4% (2016 est.)
2.5% (2015 est.)
note: official rates; actual unemployment is much higher
Tanzania10.3% (2014 est.)
Thailand0.7% (2017 est.)
0.8% (2016 est.)
Togo6.9% (2016 est.)
TokelauNA%
Tonga1.1% (2011 est.)
1.1% (2006)
Trinidad and Tobago4.1% (2017 est.)
4.1% (2016 est.)
Tunisia13% (2017 est.)
14% (2016 est.)
Turkey11.2% (2017 est.)
10.9% (2016 est.)
Turkmenistan11% (2014 est.)
10.6% (2013)
Turks and Caicos Islands10% (1997 est.)
TuvaluNA%
Uganda9.4% (2013 est.)
Ukraine9.5% (2017 est.)
9.3% (2016 est.)
note: officially registered workers; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers
United Arab Emirates3.6% (2014 est.)
2.4% (2001 est.)
United Kingdom4.4% (2017 est.)
4.9% (2016 est.)
United States4.4% (2017 est.)
4.9% (2016 est.)
Uruguay7.3% (2017 est.)
7.9% (2016 est.)
Uzbekistan4.9% (2017 est.)
4.9% (2016 est.)
note: official data; another 20% are underemployed
Vanuatu1.7% (1999 est.)
Venezuela26.4% (2017 est.)
20.6% (2016 est.)
Vietnam2.3% (2017 est.)
2.3% (2016 est.)
Virgin Islands13% (2014)
Wallis and Futuna12.2% (2008 est.)
West Bank26.7% (2017 est.)
26.9% (2016 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
Western SaharaNA%
World7.9% (2017 est.)
7.5% (2016 est.)
note: 30% combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment (2007 est.)
Yemen27% (2014 est.)
35% (2003 est.)
Zambia15% (2008 est.)
50% (2000 est.)
Zimbabwe95% (2009 est.)
80% (2005 est.)
note: data include both unemployment and underemployment; true unemployment is unknown and, under current economic conditions, unknowable

Source: CIA Factbook