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Hong Kong

香港
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Chinese:中華人民共和國香港特別行政區
Cantoneseromanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Hēunggóng Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Location of Hong Kong
Location of Hong Kong
CountryChina
Treaty of Nanking29 August 1842
New Territories lease9 June 1898
Sino-British Joint Declaration19 December 1984
Transfer from the United Kingdom1 July 1997
Official languages
Cantonese[a]
Traditional Chinese[b]
English alphabet
Ethnic groups
(2016)
92.0% Han Chinese
2.5% Filipino
2.1% Indonesian
0.8% White
0.5% Indian
0.3% Nepalese
1.6% other[6]
Demonym(s)Hongkonger
Hong Kongese
GovernmentDevolvedexecutive-led system within a socialist republic
Carrie Lam
Matthew Cheung
Andrew Leung
Geoffrey Ma
LegislatureLegislative Council
National representation
36 deputies
203 delegates[7]
Area
• Total
2,755[8] km2 (1,064 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
59.8 (1648 km2; 636 sq mi)[8]
Highest elevation957 m (3,140 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population
• 2019 estimate
7,500,700 [9] (103rd)
• Density
6,777[10]/km2 (17,552.3/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $439.459 billion[11] (45th)
• Per capita
Increase $58,165[11] (10th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $341.319 billion[11] (35th)
• Per capita
Increase $45,176[11] (16th)
Gini (2016)Negative increase 53.9[12]
high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.939[13]
very high · 4th
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HK$) (HKD)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (HKT)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[c]
Calling code+852
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
License plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles
AbbreviationHK /
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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