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New Caledonia

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New Caledonia
Nouvelle-Calédonie (French)
Flag of France
Pro-Independence Flag of New Caledonia
Motto: "Terre de parole, terre de partage"[1]
"Land of speech, land of sharing"
Location of New Caledonia
StatusSui generisspecial collectivity
Capital
and largest city
Nouméa
22°16′S166°28′E / 22.267°S 166.467°E / -22.267; 166.467
Official languagesFrench
Recognised regional languages and 35 other native languages
DemonymNew Caledonian
Sovereign state French Republic
GovernmentDependent territory
Emmanuel Macron
Philippe Germain
Thierry Lataste
LegislatureTerritorial Congress
Establishment
• Annexed by France
1853
1946
1999
Area
• Total
18,576 km2 (7,172 sq mi)
• Land
18,275 km2 (7,056 sq mi)
Population
• Aug. 2014 census
268,767[2]
• Density
14.5/km2 (37.6/sq mi) (200th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
US$9.89 billion[3]
• Per capita
US$38,921[3]
CurrencyCFP franc (XPF)
Time zoneUTC+11
Drives on theright
Calling code+687
ISO 3166 codeNC
Internet TLD.nc

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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