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New Caledonia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population279,070 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 22.46% (male 32,025/female 30,648)
15-24 years: 16.44% (male 23,438/female 22,438)
25-54 years: 43.5% (male 61,169/female 60,232)
55-64 years: 8.4% (male 11,352/female 12,097)
65 years and over: 9.2% (male 11,396/female 14,275) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.3
youth dependency ratio: 33.9
elderly dependency ratio: 14.4
potential support ratio: 6.9 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 32 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 32.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.33% (2017 est.)
Birth rate15 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 71.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationNOUMEA (capital) 181,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.9 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 82 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.93 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 98.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesnote: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian
Ethnic groupsKanak 40.3%, European 29.2%, Wallisian, Futunian 8.7%, Tahitian 2%, Indonesian 1.6%, Vietnamese 1%, Ni-Vanuatu 0.9%, other 16.2% (2009 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
LanguagesFrench (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 97.3%
female: 96.5% (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.22 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018