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New Caledonia Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates21 30 S, 165 30 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 18,575 sq km
land: 18,275 sq km
water: 300 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline2,254 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Terraincoastal plains with interior mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Natural resourcesnickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land useagricultural land: 10.4%
arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 9.8%
forest: 45.9%
other: 43.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land100 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the populace lives in the southern part of the main island, in and around the capital of Noumea
Natural hazardscyclones, most frequent from November to March
volcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active
Environment - current issueserosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Geography - noteconsists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018