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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

المملكة العربية السعودية (Arabic)
al-Mamlakah al-ʿArabīyah as-Saʿūdīyah
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
'Lā ʾilāha ʾillā Llāh, Muḥammadan rasūlu Llāh'
'There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God.'[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: النشيد الوطني السعودي
"an-Našīd al-Waṭanīy as-Saʿūdī"
"National Anthem of Saudi Arabia"
Location of Saudi Arabia
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[3]
Spoken languagesArabic
Religion
Sunni Islam[4]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitaryIslamicabsolute monarchy under a totalitariandictatorship[5][6][7]
• King
Salman
Mohammad
LegislatureNone[b]
Establishment
23 September 1932
24 October 1945
31 January 1992
Area
• Total
2,149,690[3] km2 (830,000 sq mi) (12th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2019 estimate
34,218,169[8] (40th)
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.924 trillion[9] (14th)
• Per capita
$56,817[9] (12th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$762.259 billion[9] (18th)
• Per capita
$23,566[9] (35th)
Gini (2013)45.9[10]
medium
HDI (2017)Decrease 0.853[11]
very high · 38th
CurrencySaudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Driving sideright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019


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