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Saudi Arabia Demographics Profile

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Population
34,173,498 (July 2020 est.)

note: immigrants make up 38.3% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

Age structure
0-14 years: 24.84% (male 4,327,830/female 4,159,242)
15-24 years: 15.38% (male 2,741,371/female 2,515,188)
25-54 years: 50.2% (male 10,350,028/female 6,804,479)
55-64 years: 5.95% (male 1,254,921/female 778,467)
65 years and over: 3.63% (male 657,395/female 584,577) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 39.3
youth dependency ratio: 34.4
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.5 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 30.8 years
male: 33 years
female: 27.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.6% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
14.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 84.3% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
7.231 million RIYADH (capital), 4.610 million Jeddah, 2.042 million Mecca, 1.489 million Medina, 1.253 million Ad Dammam (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.52 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.61 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.12 male(s)/female
total population: 130.2 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 11.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.2 years
male: 74.6 years
female: 77.8 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.95 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
24.6% (2016)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
8,200 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: total: 100% of population
unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: total: 100% of population
unimproved: total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
note: sporadic cases of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) are occurring throughout Saudi Arabia; as of 10 November 2020, Saudi Arabia has reported a total of 350,229 cases of COVID-19 or 10,060 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 159 cumulative deaths per 1 million population
Nationality
noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
Ethnic groups
Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Religions
Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013)

Languages
Arabic (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.1%
female: 92.7% (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2019)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.2% (2017)
Physicians density
2.54 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
35.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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