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People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b]
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[c]
Recognised regional
languages[3]
Ethnic groups
Religion~98% practicing or non-practising Chinese folk religion/Buddhism/Taoism (2018); See Religion in China
DemonymChinese
GovernmentUnitaryone-partysocialistrepublic[5]
Xi Jinping[e]
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Zhang Dejiang
Yu Zhengsheng
• First Secretary of the Party Secretariat
Wang Huning
Zhao Leji
• First Vice Premier
Zhang Gaoli
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
21 September 1949[7][8][9]
1 October 1949
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[f] (3rd)
• Water (%)
2.8%[g]
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,403,500,365 Increase[13] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[14] (1st)
• Density
145[15]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$25.102 trillion[16] (1st)
• Per capita
$17,943[17] (77th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$13.118 trillion[18] (2nd)
• Per capita
$9,376[19] (74th)
Gini (2015)46.2[20]
high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.738[21]
high · 90th
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan; ¥)[h] (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[i]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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