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State of Qatar

دولة قطر (Arabic)
Dawlat Qaṭar
Anthem: السلام الأميري
As-Salām al-ʾAmīrī  (transliteration)
"Peace to the Amir"

Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Capital
and largest city
Doha
25°18′N51°31′E / 25.300°N 51.517°E / 25.300; 51.517
Official languagesArabic[1]
Common languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
(2015)[2]
11.6% Qataris
88.4% non-Qataris
Religion
(2010)[3]
Demonym(s)Qatari
GovernmentUnitarysemi-constitutional monarchy
• Emir
Tamim bin Hamad
Khalid Bin Khalifa
LegislatureConsultative Assembly
Establishment
18 December 1878
• Declared independence

1 September 1971
• Independence from the United Kingdom

3 September 1971
Area
• Total
11,581 km2 (4,471 sq mi) (158th)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2020 estimate
2,795,484[4] (139th)
• 2010 census
1,699,435[5]
• Density
176/km2 (455.8/sq mi) (76th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$357.338 billion[6] (51st)
• Per capita
$138,910[6] (1st)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$183.807 billion[6] (56th)
• Per capita
$66,202[6] (6th)
Gini (2007)41.1[7]
medium
HDI (2018)Steady 0.848[8]
very high · 41st
CurrencyRiyal (QAR)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Driving sideright[9]
Calling code+974
ISO 3166 codeQA
Internet TLD
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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