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State of Israel
  • מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew)
  • دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic)
Anthem: "Hatikvah" (Hebrew for "The Hope")

Location of Israel (in green)
(pre-) 1967 border (Green Line)
(pre-) 1967 border (Green Line)
Capital
and largest city
Jerusalem (internationally unrecognized)[note 1]
31°47′N35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Official languages
Ethnic groups(2017)
Religion (2015)
DemonymIsraeli
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Reuven Rivlin
Benjamin Netanyahu
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein
Esther Hayut
LegislatureKnesset
Independence
14 May 1948
11 May 1949
Area
• Total
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi)[a] (150th)
• Water
440 km2 (170 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2018 estimate
8,803,340[7] (97th)
• 2008 census
7,412,200[8]
• Density
395/km2 (1,023.0/sq mi) (34th)
GDP (PPP)2017[9] estimate
• Total
$315.582 billion (54th)
• Per capita
$36,250 (35th)
GDP (nominal)2017[9] estimate
• Total
$348.006 billion (34th)
• Per capita
$39,974 (20th)
Gini (2013)42.8[10]
medium · 47th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.899[11]
very high · 19th
CurrencyNew shekel (‎) (ILS)
Time zoneIST(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
IDT (UTC+3)
Date format
  • יי-חח-שששש‎ (AM)
  • dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+972
ISO 3166 codeIL
Internet TLD.il
  1. ^ 20,770 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 includes the annexedGolan Heights and East Jerusalem.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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