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State of Israel

  • יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew)
  • إسرائيل (Arabic)
Anthem: Hatikvah
(English: "The Hope")
Location of Israel (in green) on the globe.
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
1949 armistice border (Green Line)
Capital
and largest city
Jerusalem[fn 1]
31°47′N35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Official languagesHebrew
Recognized languagesArabic[fn 2]
Ethnic groups
(2019)
Religion
(2019)
Demonym(s)Israeli
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Reuven Rivlin
Benjamin Netanyahu
Yariv Levin
Esther Hayut
LegislatureKnesset
Independence from the British Empire
14 May 1948
11 May 1949
1958–2018
Area
• Total
20,770–22,072 km2 (8,019–8,522 sq mi)[a] (150th)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2020 estimate
9,285,200[15][fn 3] (99th)
• 2008 census
7,412,200[16][fn 3]
• Density
421/km2 (1,090.4/sq mi) (35th)
GDP (PPP)2020[19] estimate
• Total
Increase $372.314 billion[fn 3] (51st)
• Per capita
Increase $40,336[fn 3] (34th)
GDP (nominal)2020[19] estimate
• Total
Increase $410.501 billion[fn 3] (31st)
• Per capita
Increase $44,474[fn 3] (19th)
Gini (2018)34.8[fn 3][20]
medium · 48th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.906[fn 3][21]
very high · 22nd
CurrencyNew shekel (‎) (ILS)
Time zoneUTC+2 (IST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (IDT)
Date format
  • יי-חח-שששש‎ (AM)
  • dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+972
ISO 3166 codeIL
Internet TLD.il
  1. ^ 20,770 km2 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 km2 includes the annexedGolan Heights (c. 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)) and East Jerusalem (c. 64 km2 (25 sq mi)).

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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