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Israel Demographics Profile 2018

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Population8,299,706 (July 2017 est.) (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967)
note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.51% (male 1,168,351/female 1,114,902)
15-24 years: 15.53% (male 658,572/female 630,675)
25-54 years: 37.17% (male 1,577,187/female 1,507,793)
55-64 years: 8.46% (male 344,922/female 357,301)
65 years and over: 11.33% (male 421,660/female 518,343) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.2
youth dependency ratio: 45.7
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 30.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.51% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 92.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationTel Aviv-Yafo 3.608 million; Haifa 1.097 million; JERUSALEM (proclaimed capital) 839,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.6 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.5 years
male: 80.7 years
female: 84.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.64 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groupsJewish 74.7% (of which Israel-born 76.3%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 16.2%, Africa-born 4.8%, Asia-born 2.7%), non-Jewish 25.2% (mostly Arab) (2016 est.)
ReligionsJewish 74.7%, Muslim 17.7%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2016 est.)
LanguagesHebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.9% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.62 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density3.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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