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Israel Demographics Profile

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Population
8,675,475 (includes populations of the Golan Heights or Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2020 est.)

note: approximately 22,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2018); approximately 215,900 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2017)

Age structure
0-14 years: 26.76% (male 1,187,819/female 1,133,365)
15-24 years: 15.67% (male 694,142/female 665,721)
25-54 years: 37.2% (male 1,648,262/female 1,579,399)
55-64 years: 8.4% (male 363,262/female 365,709)
65 years and over: 11.96% (male 467,980/female 569,816) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 67.3
youth dependency ratio: 46.6
elderly dependency ratio: 20.8
potential support ratio: 4.8 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 30.4 years
male: 29.8 years
female: 31 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.46% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
17.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 92.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.64% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
4.181 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.147 million Haifa, 932,000 JERUSALEM (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 101.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.6 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 83 years
male: 81.1 years
female: 85 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.59 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
9,000 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groups
Jewish 74.4% (of which Israel-born 76.9%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 15.9%, Africa-born 4.6%, Asia-born 2.6%), Arab 20.9%, other 4.7% (2018 est.)
Religions
Jewish 74.3%, Muslim 17.8%, Christian 1.9%, Druze 1.6%, other 4.4% (2018 est.)
Languages
Hebrew (official), Arabic (special status under Israeli law), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
5.8% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
7.4% (2017)
Physicians density
3.48 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
26.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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