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Federal Republic of Germany
Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a]
Motto: 
"Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto)
"Unity and Justice and Freedom"
Anthem: "Deutschlandlied" (third verse only)[b]
"Song of Germany"
Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Germany  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Berlin[c]
52°31′N13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official language
and national language
German[1][d]
Ethnic groups(2015[2])
  • 79.0% Germans
  • 11.0% Other Europeans
  • 7.0% Asians
  • 2.3% Middle Eastern
  • 3.5% Turks
  • 0.8% Africans
  • 0.5% Americans
  • 1.7% unspecified
Religion
DemonymGerman
GovernmentFederalconstitutionalparliamentaryrepublic
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Angela Merkel(acting; according to paragraph (3) of Article 69 of the Basic Law)[4]
Wolfgang Schäuble
Michael Müller
Andreas Voßkuhle
Legislature
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Area
• Total
357,168 km2 (137,903 sq mi) (62nd)
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase 82,800,000[5] (16th)
• Density
232/km2 (600.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$4.150 trillion[6] (5th)
• Per capita
$50,206[6] (18th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$3.652 trillion[6] (4th)
• Per capita
$44,184[6] (17th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 29.5[7]
low
HDI (2015)Increase 0.926[8]
very high · 4th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code49
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de and .eu

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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