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Kingdom of Bhutan

  • འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་  (Dzongkha)
  • Druk Gyal Khap
Anthem: "Druk tsendhen" (Dzongkha)
"The Thunder Dragon Kingdom"
A map of east-central Asia, highlighting Bhutan
Capital
and largest city
Thimphu
27°28.0′N89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417
Official languagesDzongkha
Religion
74.8% Vajrayana Buddhism (state religion)
22.6% Hinduism
1.9% Bon and other indigenous faith
0.5% Christianity
0.4% Islam
0.2% Other
Demonym(s)Bhutanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Druk Gyalpo (monarch)
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Lotay Tshering
LegislatureParliament
National Council
National Assembly
Formation
• Unification of Bhutan
1616–1634
17 December 1907
8 August 1949
21 September 1971
18 July 2008
Area
• Total
38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi)[1][2] (133rd)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2018 estimate
754,388[3][4] (165th)
• 2017a census
727,145[5]
• Density
19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$7.701 billion[6]
• Per capita
$9,426[6] (115th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.547 billion[6]
• Per capita
$3,117[6] (130th)
Gini (2017)37.4[7]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.617[8]
medium · 134th
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
Time zoneUTC+06 (BTT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+975
ISO 3166 codeBT
Internet TLD.bt
  1. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking.[9] Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in 2000. A national census was carried out in 2005 and it turned out that the population was 672,425. Consequently, United Nations Population Division reduced its estimation of the country's population in the 2006 revision[10] for the whole period from 1950 to 2000.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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